plxp20180930_10q.htm
 

 

Table of Contents

 

 UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark one)

 

Quarterly Report Under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2018

 

Or

 

Transition Report Under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Commission File Number 001-36351

 

PLx Pharma Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

46-4995704

State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization

 

Identification No.)

 

 

 

8285 El Rio Street, Ste. 130

 

 

Houston, Texas

 

77054

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (713) 842-1249

 

 

 

 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  ☒Yes    ☐ No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☒Yes     ☐ No 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ☐

Accelerated filer  ☐

 

 

Non-accelerated filer  ☐  

Smaller reporting company ☒

   
Emerging Growth Company ☒  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)  ☐ Yes ☒ No 

 

As of November 1, 2018, there were 8,742,136 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

PLx Pharma Inc.

 

Table of Contents

 

  

 

Page

 

 

 

PART I -

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

5

 

 

 

Item 1.

Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

5

 

 

 

 

Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017

5

 

 

 

 

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

6

 

 

 

 

Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

7

 

 

 

 

Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

8

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

18

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

22

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

23

 

 

 

PART II -

OTHER INFORMATION

23

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

23

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

23

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

24

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

24

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosure

24

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

24

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

24

 

 

 

 

Signatures

26

 

 

 

 

Certificates

       

 

 

 

INFORMATION REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q and certain information incorporated herein by reference contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). In this quarterly report, we refer to PLx Pharma Inc., together with its subsidiaries, as the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us.” All statements other than statements of historical facts contained herein, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, strategy and plans, and our expectations for future operations, are forward-looking statements. The words “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “design,” “intend,” “expect” or the negative version of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

 

We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, strategy, short- and long-term business operations and objectives, and financial needs. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those described in Part II, Item 1A “Risk Factors.” In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events and circumstances included herein may not occur, and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:

 

 

our ability to bring our lead product candidates, Vazalore 81 mg and 325 mg (formerly Aspertec 81 mg and 325 mg, respectively), to market-readiness;

 

our ability to maintain regulatory approval of Vazalore 325 mg or obtain and maintain regulatory approval of Vazalore 81 mg and any future product candidates;

 

the benefits of the use of Vazalore;

 

the projected dollar amounts of future sales of established and novel gastrointestinal(“GI”)-safer technologies for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (“NSAIDs”) and other analgesics;

 

our ability to successfully commercialize our Vazalore products, or any future product candidates;

 

the rate and degree of market acceptance of our Vazalore products or any future product candidates;

 

our expectations regarding government and third-party payor coverage and reimbursement;

 

our ability to scale up manufacturing of our Vazalore products to commercial scale;

 

our ability to successfully build a specialty sales force and commercial infrastructure or collaborate with a firm that has these capabilities;

 

our ability to compete with companies currently producing GI-safer technologies for NSAIDs and other analgesics;

 

our reliance on third parties to conduct our clinical studies;

 

our reliance on third-party contract manufacturers to manufacture and supply our product candidates for us;

 

our reliance on our collaboration partners’ performance over which we do not have control;

 

our ability to retain and recruit key personnel, including development of a sales and marketing function;

 

our ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection for our Vazalore products or any future product candidates;

 

our estimates of our expenses, ongoing losses, future revenue, capital requirements and our needs for or ability to obtain additional financing;

 

our expectations regarding the time during which we will be an emerging growth company under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”);

 

our ability to identify, develop, acquire and in-license new products and product candidates;

 

our ability to successfully establish and successfully maintain appropriate collaborations and derive significant revenue from those collaborations, including but not limited to any milestone payments or royalties;

 

legal, political judicial and regulatory changes;

 

our financial performance; and

 

developments and projections relating to our competitors or our industry.

 

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, level of activity, performance or achievements. In addition, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of any of these forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement made by us in this quarterly report speaks only as of the date on which it is made. We disclaim any duty to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date of this quarterly report to confirm these statements to actual results or revised expectations.

 

Other risks may be described from time to time in our filings made under applicable securities laws. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks. All forward-looking statements in this quarterly report speak only as of the date made and are based on our current beliefs and expectations. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

 

NOTE REGARDING TRADEMARKS

 

We own various U.S. federal trademark registrations and applications and unregistered trademarks and service marks, including:

 

 

PLX®

 

 

 

 

PLXPHARMA®

 

 

 

 

PLXGUARD™

 

 

 

 

VAZALORE™

 

 

 

 

 

FIRST LIQUID-FILLED ASPIRIN CAPSULES™

 

Solely for convenience, the trademarks and trade names in this quarterly report are sometimes referred to without the TM symbol, but such references should not be construed as any indicator that their respective owners will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, their rights thereto. We do not intend the use or display of other companies’ trademarks and trade names to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other companies, products or services. 

 

 

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

ITEM 1.

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

      

 

PLx Pharma Inc.

 

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   

September 30, 2018

   

December 31, 2017

 
                 

ASSETS

               

CURRENT ASSETS

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 16,537,259     $ 24,404,368  

Accounts receivable

    41,491       19,384  

Inventory, net

    -       246,374  

Vendor deposits

    86,250       715,603  

Prepaid expenses

    470,525       300,169  

Security deposit

    4,064       4,064  

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS

    17,139,589       25,689,962  

NON-CURRENT ASSETS

               

Property and equipment, net

    1,449,969       1,029,875  

Goodwill

    2,061,022       2,061,022  

Security deposit

    67,714       67,714  

TOTAL ASSETS

  $ 20,718,294     $ 28,848,573  
                 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

               
                 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

  $ 750,502     $ 852,155  

Accrued bonus and severance

    755,074       849,703  

Accrued interest

    56,458       54,219  

Current portion of term loan, net of discount and fees

    1,952,258       -  

Other current liabilities

    26,545       59,614  

TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES

    3,540,837       1,815,691  

NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES

               

Accrued interest

    253,920       89,717  

Term loan, net of discount and fees

    5,175,032       6,942,151  

Warrant liability

    8,224,992       15,242,915  

Other liabilities

    124,370       141,707  

TOTAL LIABILITIES

    17,319,151       24,232,181  
                 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)

               
                 

STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

               

Preferred stock; $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding

    -       -  

Common stock; $0.001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 8,738,163 and 8,722,823 shares issued and outstanding

    8,739       8,723  

Additional paid-in capital

    72,772,537       71,939,917  

Accumulated deficit

    (69,382,133 )     (67,332,248 )

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

    3,399,143       4,616,392  

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

  $ 20,718,294     $ 28,848,573  

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

PLx Pharma Inc.

 

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

   

Three Months Ended September 30,

   

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

REVENUES:

                               

Federal grant

  $ 216,530     $ 62,259     $ 465,446     $ 438,210  

TOTAL REVENUES

    216,530       62,259       465,446       438,210  
                                 

OPERATING EXPENSES:

                               

Research and development

    1,219,144       958,255       3,032,426       1,712,890  

General and administrative

    1,800,159       3,021,290       5,870,745       8,263,019  

TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES

    3,019,303       3,979,545       8,903,171       9,975,909  

OPERATING LOSS

    (2,802,773 )     (3,917,286 )     (8,437,725 )     (9,537,699 )
                                 

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)

                               

Interest income

    77,276       33,600       219,374       48,082  

Interest and other expense

    (290,773 )     (168,272 )     (849,457 )     (891,835 )

Change in fair value of warrant liability

    (408,803 )     252,458       7,017,923       1,998,878  

TOTAL OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)

    (622,300 )     117,786       6,387,840       1,155,125  

LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAX BENEFIT

    (3,425,073 )     (3,799,500 )     (2,049,885 )     (8,382,574 )

Income tax benefit

    -       -       -       920,000  

NET LOSS

  $ (3,425,073 )   $ (3,799,500 )   $ (2,049,885 )   $ (7,462,574 )
                                 

Net loss per common share - basic

  $ (0.39 )   $ (0.44 )   $ (0.23 )   $ (1.16 )

Net loss per common share - diluted

  $ (0.39 )   $ (0.44 )   $ (0.23 )   $ (1.16 )
                                 

Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic

    8,735,790       8,704,985       8,730,303       6,447,053  

Weighted average common shares outstanding - diluted

    8,735,790       8,704,985       8,730,303       6,447,053  

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

PLx Pharma Inc.

 

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

   

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

               

Net loss

  $ (2,049,885 )   $ (7,462,574 )

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

               

Depreciation and amortization

    145,218       12,226  

Share-based compensation

    765,136       1,348,310  

Non-cash interest expense

    185,139       664,865  

Change in fair value of warrant liability

    (7,017,923 )     (1,998,878 )

Provision for obsolete inventory

    770,619       -  

Expenses allocated to warrant liability

    -       1,302,995  

Deferred tax benefit

    -       (920,000 )

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

               

Accounts receivable

    (22,107 )     (51,636 )

Inventory

    (524,245 )     (255,806 )

Vendor deposits

    629,353       (247,050 )

Prepaid expenses and other assets

    (170,356 )     (249,037 )

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

    55,405       (10,064 )

Accrued bonus and severance

    (94,629 )     -  

Accrued interest

    166,442       173,230  

Accrued interest - related parties

    -       13,747  

Other long-term liabilities

    (50,406 )     68,415  

Net cash used in operating activities

    (7,212,239 )     (7,611,257 )
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

               

Purchases of property and equipment

    (654,870 )     (198,779 )

Cash received in business combination

            11,776,427  

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

    (654,870 )     11,577,648  
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

               

Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes payable

    -       460,000  

Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes payable - related parties

    -       108,300  

Proceeds from Dipexium note

    -       2,000,000  

Proceeds from issuance of term loan and warrants, net of allocated issuance costs

    -       7,145,584  

Proceeds from equity offering, net of allocated issuance costs

    -       16,698,854  

Net cash provided by financing activities

    -       26,412,738  
                 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

    (7,867,109 )     30,379,129  

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

    24,404,368       59,335  

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

  $ 16,537,259     $ 30,438,464  
                 

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

               

Cash paid during the period for:

               

Income taxes

  $ -     $ -  

Interest

  $ 497,136     $ 39,531  
                 

NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING TRANSACTIONS

               

Accounts payable for purchases of property and equipment

  $ -     $ 285,610  

Value of common shares issued to vendors for services

  $ 67,500     $ 37,500  

Equity offering proceeds allocated to warrant liability

  $ -     $ 15,876,546  

Term loan proceeds allocated to warrants

  $ -     $ 318,398  

Issuance of common shares for business combination

  $ -     $ 15,048,883  

Issuance of common shares upon conversion of debt and accrued interest

  $ -     $ 2,495,630  

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

 

PLx Pharma Inc.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2018  

 

 

NOTE 1.  BACKGROUND AND ORGANIZATION

 

Business Operations

PLx Pharma Inc., together with its subsidiaries PLx Opco Inc., PLx Chile SpA and Dipexium Pharmaceuticals Ireland Limited, is a late stage startup specialty pharmaceutical company focusing initially on commercializing two patent-protected lead products: VazaloreTM 325 mg and Vazalore TM 81 mg (referred to together as “Vazalore”). Vazalore 325 mg is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for over-the-counter distribution and is the first ever liquid-filled aspirin capsule.

 

Organization, Reincorporation, and Merger with Dipexium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

PLx Opco Inc., which was known as PLx Pharma Inc. immediately prior to the Merger described below, was originally incorporated in the State of Texas on November 12, 2002 under the name of ZT MediTech, Inc. (“ZTM”). In December 2002, ZTM changed its name to GrassRoots Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“GrassRoots”). Business commenced upon initial capitalization on December 4, 2002. In March 2003, GrassRoots changed its name to PLx Pharma Inc. (“PLx Texas”).

 

On December 31, 2013, PLx Texas converted pursuant to a Plan of Conversion from a Texas corporation to a Texas limited liability company and changed its name to PLx Pharma LLC (“PLx LLC”). Concurrently, PLx LLC changed its tax structure for U.S. federal and state income tax from a C Corporation to a partnership and adopted a new Limited Liability Company Agreement for operations of the entity. Pursuant to the conversion, shares of common and preferred stock of PLx Texas were exchanged for an equivalent number of common and preferred member units in PLx LLC. The various classes of preferred stock and their associated rights, principally relating to distributions and liquidation values but excluding conversion features, were retained in each of the preferred member units in the exchange.

 

On July 21, 2015, PLx LLC’s members voted to approve a Plan of Conversion whereby PLx LLC re-incorporated into a Delaware corporation, renamed PLx Pharma Inc. (“Old PLx” and such conversion, the “Reincorporation”), effective July 27, 2015. In conjunction with the Reincorporation, each Preferred Unit was converted on a one for two-sevenths basis into 5,013,690 shares of common stock. Additionally, each Common Unit was converted on a one for one-fourteenth basis into 302,937 shares of common stock. In connection with the Reincorporation, the $800,000 of notes executed in early 2015 plus accrued interest of $53,187 and the 1,313,840 Incentive Units issued in conjunction with the notes were exchanged for 249,196 shares of common stock. The note exchange was accounted for as an extinguishment of debt with the fair market value of the common stock issued treated as an increase to common equity and an associated loss on extinguishment of debt of $1,588,937 recorded in July 2015. Finally, all the remaining Incentive Units outstanding were cancelled in conjunction with the Reincorporation.

 

On December 22, 2016, Old PLx entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger and Reorganization among Old PLx, Dipexium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Dipexium”) and Dipexium AcquireCo. (the “Merger”). The Merger closed on April 19, 2017. Pursuant to the terms of the Merger and after the consummation of the Merger, Old PLx was renamed PLx Opco Inc. and became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dipexium, and Dipexium was renamed PLx Pharma Inc. and became the continuing registrant and reporting company. Immediately after the Merger, Old PLx’s former shareholders owned a majority of the voting common stock of the combined company and controlled the combined company’s board of directors, and Old PLx’s officers became the officers of the combined company. The combined company, renamed as PLx Pharma Inc., together with its subsidiaries PLx Opco Inc., PLx Chile SpA and Dipexium Pharmaceuticals Ireland Limited, is referred to herein as the “Company.” The Merger was accounted for as a reverse acquisition business combination and Old PLx’s historical consolidated financial statements have replaced Dipexium’s historical consolidated financial statements with respect to periods prior to the completion of the Merger. See Note 4. Unless otherwise indicated, with respect to any period of time prior to the completion of the Merger, references to the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us” refer to Old PLx and not Dipexium.

 

 

 

NOTE 2.  LIQUIDITY AND GOING CONCERN

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that we will continue as a going concern, which contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets, and satisfaction of liabilities in the ordinary course of business. The propriety of using the going-concern basis is dependent upon, among other things, the achievement of future profitable operations, the ability to generate sufficient cash from operations and potential other funding sources, in addition to cash on hand, to meet our obligations as they become due. Based on our expected operating cash requirements and capital expenditures, we believe the Company’s cash on hand at September 30, 2018 is adequate to fund operations for at least twelve months from the date that these financial statements are issued.

 

 

 

NOTE 3.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Accounting and Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying interim consolidated financial statements are unaudited. These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. The December 31, 2017 consolidated balance sheet included herein was derived from audited consolidated financial statements as of that date. Certain information and footnote disclosure normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been omitted pursuant to instructions, rules, and regulations prescribed by the SEC. We believe that the disclosures provided herein are adequate to make the information presented not misleading when these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements are read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes previously filed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements reflect all the adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to state fairly the Company’s financial position as of September 30, 2018 and the results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of PLx Pharma Inc. and its direct and indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries, PLx Opco Inc., PLx Chile SpA and Dipexium Pharmaceuticals Ireland Limited. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated within the consolidated financial statements. The Company operates in one business segment.

 

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. In the accompanying consolidated financial statements, estimates are used for, but not limited to, determining the fair value of tangible and intangible assets and liabilities acquired in business combinations, the fair value of warrant liabilities, share-based compensation, our allowance for inventory obsolescence, our allowance for doubtful accounts, contingent liabilities, the fair value and depreciable lives of long-lived assets, and deferred taxes and the associated valuation allowance. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Foreign Currency

The functional currency of our foreign subsidiaries has been designated as the U.S. dollar. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses, excluding gains and losses on intercompany balances where there is no current intent to settle such amounts in the foreseeable future, are included in the determination of net loss. Unless otherwise noted, all references to “$” or “dollar” refer to the U.S. dollar.

  

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalents in a financial institution that at times exceeds federally insured limits. Management believes that the Company’s credit risk exposure is mitigated by the financial strength of the banking institution in which the deposits are held. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $16.5 million in U.S. bank accounts which were not fully insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

 

Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts Receivable

An allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable is estimated based on historical experience, credit quality, age of the accounts receivable balances, and economic conditions that may affect a customer’s ability to pay. The allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable was zero as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

Inventory

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, using the average cost method. Inventory as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was comprised of raw materials for the manufacture of Vazalore. The Company regularly reviews inventory quantities on hand and assesses the need for an allowance for obsolescence. The allowance for obsolete inventory was $1,002,925 and $319,736 as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

All financial instruments classified as current assets and liabilities are carried at cost, which approximates fair value, because of the short-term maturities of those instruments. The fair value of the noncurrent term loan approximates its face value of $7,500,000 based on the Company’s current financial condition and on the variable nature of the term loan’s interest feature as compared to current rates. For disclosures concerning fair value measurements, see Note 8. 

 

 

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The Company capitalizes additions that have a tangible future economic life. Maintenance and repairs that do not improve or extend the lives of property and equipment are charged to operations as incurred. Depreciation expense is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of each class of depreciable assets. Management reviews property and equipment for possible impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If there is an indication of impairment, management prepares an estimate of future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges) expected to result from the use of the asset and its eventual disposition. If these cash flows are less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss is recognized to write down the asset to its estimated fair value.

 

Intangible Assets and Goodwill 

Intangible assets were acquired as part of the Merger and consist of definite-lived trademarks with an estimated useful life of seven years, an indefinite-lived intangible asset for acquired in-process research and development (“IPR&D”) and goodwill (see Note 4).

 

Management evaluates indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable, and at least on an annual basis on October 31 of each year, by comparing the fair value of the asset to its carrying amount. If the carrying amount of the intangible asset exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss would be recognized in the amount of such excess. Goodwill is not amortized but is subject to periodic review for impairment. Goodwill is reviewed annually, as of October 31, and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the goodwill might not be recoverable. Management performs its review of goodwill on its one reporting unit.

 

The Company adopted Accounting Standards Update 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other - Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, effective January 1, 2017. The adoption resulted in an update to the Company’s accounting policy for goodwill impairment. The Company performs a one-step test in its evaluation of the carrying value of goodwill, if qualitative factors determine it is necessary to complete a goodwill impairment test. In the evaluation, the fair value of the relevant reporting unit is determined and compared to the carrying value. If the fair value is greater than the carrying value, then the carrying value is deemed to be recoverable, and no further action is required. If the fair value estimate is less than the carrying value, goodwill is considered impaired for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, and a charge is reported in impairment of goodwill in our consolidated statements of operations.

 

The Company recognized an impairment loss in the fourth quarter of 2017 of approximately $2.3 million for the full carrying value of its IPR&D and trademark intangible assets. The Company has not identified any events or changes in circumstances that indicate that a potential impairment of goodwill occurred during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Revenue Recognition

Policy prior to the adoption of new revenue recognition guidelines on January 1, 2018

The Company recognized revenues when persuasive evidence of an arrangement existed, delivery had occurred or services had been provided, the purchase price was fixed or determinable and collectability reasonably assured. The Company’s historical revenue was generated pursuant to cost reimbursable federal grants and pursuant to joint development arrangements. For cost reimbursable grants, revenues were based on internal and subcontractor costs incurred that are specifically covered under reimbursement arrangements, and where applicable, an additional facilities and administrative rate that provides funding for overhead expenses. Grant revenue was recognized as grant-related expenses were incurred by the Company or its subcontractors. The grant agreements with federal government agencies generally provide that, upon completion of a technology development program, the funding agency is granted a royalty-free license to use any technology developed during the course of the program for its own purposes, but not any preexisting technology that the Company uses in connection with the program. The Company retains all other rights to use, develop, and commercialize the technology. For joint development arrangements, revenue was recognized when the related expenditure was made under the reimbursement provisions of the sponsored research agreement or activities under a patent license agreement, or when the Company’s obligations under the arrangements were completed.

 

Policy after the adoption of new revenue recognition guidelines on January 1, 2018

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customer using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. The Company analyzes contracts to determine the appropriate revenue recognition using the following steps: (i) identification of contracts with customers; (ii) identification of distinct performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determination of contract transaction price; (iv) allocation of contract transaction price to the performance obligations; and (v) determination of revenue recognition based on timing of satisfaction of the performance obligation. The Company recognizes revenues upon the satisfaction of its performance obligations (upon transfer of control of promised goods or services to customers) in an amount that reflects the consideration to which it expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. Deferred revenue results from cash receipts from or amounts billed to customers in advance of the transfer of control of the promised services to the customer and is recognized as performance obligations are satisfied. When sales commissions or other costs to obtain contracts with customers are considered incremental and recoverable, those costs are deferred and then amortized as selling and marketing expenses on a straight-line basis over an estimated period of benefit.

 

The Company determined that its sole revenue arrangement as of the date of adoption, a cost-reimbursable federal grant with the National Institutes of Health, is not within the scope of the new revenue guidance and, accordingly, the Company will continue to recognize revenue on this grant as grant-related expenses are incurred by the Company or its subcontractors. As such, the adoption did not impact the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

 

The Company recognized $216,530 and $62,259 of revenue under cost-reimbursable grants during the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company recognized $465,446 and $438,210 of revenue under cost-reimbursable grants during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

The Company also determined that it has not incurred incremental costs to obtain contracts with customers or material costs to fulfill contracts with customers and did not have any material contract assets or liabilities as of September 30, 2018.

 

Research and Development Expenses

Costs incurred in connection with research and development activities are expensed as incurred. Research and development expenses consist of direct and indirect costs associated with specific projects and include fees paid to various entities that perform research related services for the Company.

 

Share-Based Compensation

The Company recognizes expense in its consolidated statements of operations for the fair value of all share-based compensation to key employees, nonemployee directors and advisors, generally in the form of stock options and stock awards. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option valuation model to estimate the fair value of stock options on the grant date. Compensation cost is amortized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period for each respective award. The Company adopted new accounting guidance, effective January 1, 2017, with respect to share-based compensation and related income tax aspects, and now accounts for forfeitures as they occur rather than using an estimated forfeiture rate.  The adoption did not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

 

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Corporate tax rate changes resulting from the impacts of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Tax Act”) were reflected in deferred tax assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2017 since the Tax Act was enacted in December 2017. A valuation allowance is established when necessary to reduce deferred income tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

 

Tax benefits are initially recognized in the financial statements when it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination by the tax authorities. Such tax positions are initially, and subsequently, measured as the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement with the tax authority, assuming full knowledge of the position and all relevant facts.

 

The Company is no longer subject to U.S. Federal or state examinations by tax authorities for years ending before December 31, 2012.

 

Reverse Stock Split

The Company’s Board of Directors approved a 1-for-8 reverse stock split of the Company’s common stock effective April 19, 2017. Stockholders’ equity and all references to share and per share amounts in the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the reverse stock split for all periods presented.

 

Income (loss) per share

Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period.

 

For periods of net income, and when the effects are not anti-dilutive, diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding plus the impact of all potential dilutive common shares, consisting primarily of common shares underlying common stock options and stock purchase warrants using the treasury stock method, and prior to the Merger convertible notes using the if-converted method. None of the potential dilutive securities had a dilutive impact during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018. For periods of net loss, diluted loss per share is calculated similarly to basic loss per share because the impact of all potential dilutive common shares is anti-dilutive.

 

The number of anti-dilutive shares, consisting of common shares underlying (i) common stock options, (ii) stock purchase warrants, and (iii) prior to the Merger closing in April 2017, convertible notes exercisable for or exchangeable into common stock, which have been excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share, was 3,911,302 shares and 3,826,302 shares as of September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

 

Recent Accounting Developments

 

Recently Adopted Guidance

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the ”FASB”) issued guidance for revenue recognition for contracts, superseding the previous revenue recognition requirements along with most existing industry-specific guidance. The guidance requires an entity to review contracts in five steps: 1) identify the contract, 2) identify performance obligations, 3) determine the transaction price, 4) allocate the transaction price, and 5) recognize revenue. The new standard will result in enhanced disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue arising from contracts with customers. In August 2015, the FASB issued guidance approving a one-year deferral, making the standard effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted only for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. In March 2016, the FASB issued guidance to clarify the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations for reporting revenue gross rather than net, with the same deferred effective date. In April 2016, the FASB issued guidance to clarify the implementation guidance on identifying performance obligations and the accounting for licenses of intellectual property, with the same deferred effective date. In May 2016, the FASB issued guidance rescinding SEC paragraphs related to revenue recognition, pursuant to two SEC Staff Announcements at the March 3, 2016 Emerging Issues Task Force meeting. In May 2016, the FASB also issued guidance to clarify the implementation guidance on assessing collectability, presentation of sales tax, noncash consideration, and contracts and contract modifications at transition, with the same effective date. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2018 on a modified retrospective basis and it did not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued guidance on the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments in the statement of cash flows, including those related to debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims, proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance, and distributions received from equity method investees. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2018 on a retrospective basis and it did not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements. 

 

Unadopted Guidance

In June 2018, the FASB issued guidance with respect to the accounting for nonemployee share-based payment awards. The guidance generally aligns the accounting for nonemployee awards to that for employees. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact, if any, that this guidance will have on the consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance with respect to the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. The guidance intends to improve the effectiveness of the disclosures relating to recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Portions of the guidance are to be adopted prospectively while other portions are to be adopted retroactively. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact, if any, that this guidance will have on the consolidated financial statements.

 

The Company does not believe that any other recently issued effective pronouncements, or pronouncements issued but not yet effective, if adopted, would have a material effect on the accompanying consolidated financial statements. 

 

 

 

NOTE 4.  REVERSE MERGER BUSINESS COMBINATION

 

On December 22, 2016, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger and Reorganization among Old PLx, Dipexium and Dipexium AcquireCo. The Merger closed on April 19, 2017. Pursuant to the terms of the Merger and after the consummation of the Merger, Old PLx was renamed PLx Opco Inc. and became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dipexium, and Dipexium (renamed PLx Pharma Inc.) became the continuing registrant and reporting company. Immediately after the Merger, Old PLx’s former shareholders owned a majority of the voting common stock of the combined company and controlled the combined company’s board of directors, and Old PLx’s officers became the officers of the combined company. The combined company, renamed as PLx Pharma Inc., together with its subsidiaries PLx Opco Inc., PLx Chile SpA and Dipexium Pharmaceuticals Ireland Limited, is referred to herein as the “Company.” The business purposes of the Merger included, among other purposes, obtaining the following potential advantages: (i) the combined organization’s resources would be immediately available to allow commencement of manufacturing and pre-commercialization activities for Vazalore; and (ii) the public company status of Dipexium would allow the Company greater potential access to additional capital.

 

 

The Company accounted for the Merger as a reverse merger business combination using the purchase method of accounting. Because the Merger qualifies as a reverse acquisition and given that Old PLx was a private company at the time of the Merger and therefore its value was not readily determinable, the fair value of the Merger consideration was deemed to be equal to the quoted market capitalization of Dipexium at the Merger date, reduced by the effective settlement of pre-existing debt between Old PLx and Dipexium. Total purchase consideration is as follows:

 

Dipexium market capitalization at closing

  $ 15,048,883  

Effective settlement of pre-existing debt

    (2,045,151

)

Total purchase consideration

  $ 13,003,732  

 

The Company recorded all tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their estimated fair values on the Merger date. The following represents the allocation of the purchase consideration:

 

Fair value of purchase consideration

  $ 13,003,732  
         

Fair value of tangible assets acquired:

       

Cash

  $ 11,776,427  

Prepaid expenses

    139,648  
         

Fair value of identifiable intangible assets acquired:

       

Trademarks

    100,000  

In-process research and development

    2,200,000  
         

Goodwill

    2,061,022  
         

Deferred tax liabilities, net

    (920,000

)

Fair value of liabilities assumed

    (2,353,365

)

    $ 13,003,732  

 

The estimated fair value of the acquired trademarks was determined using a cost approach. The estimated fair value of the acquired in-process research and development was determined using an income approach.

 

The Company received carryover tax basis in the acquired assets and liabilities and no tax basis in the intangible assets (including goodwill) established on the Merger date. Goodwill, primarily related to expected synergies gained from combining operations, sales growth from future product offerings and customers, together with certain intangible assets that do not qualify for separate recognition, including assembled workforce, is not tax deductible. The Company anticipates that the deferred tax liability associated with the book/tax basis difference in the acquired IPR&D is expected to reverse prior to the expiration of its other tax attributes. The Company recognized net deferred tax liabilities of $920,000 related to the book/tax basis differences in the acquired intangible assets. This acquired net deferred tax liability in the U.S. taxing jurisdiction resulted in an income tax benefit related to a reduction in the Company’s previously established valuation allowance (which reduction is accounted for outside of purchase accounting).

 

Unaudited Pro Forma Disclosures

The following unaudited pro forma financial information summarizes the results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 as if the Merger had been completed as of January 1, 2017. Pro forma information primarily reflects adjustments relating to (i) conversion of convertible notes and elimination of associated interest expense and (ii) the amortization of intangibles acquired. The pro forma amounts do not purport to be indicative of the results that would have actually been obtained if the acquisition occurred as of January 1, 2017 or that may be obtained in the future.

 

   

Nine Months

Ended

September 30,

 
   

2017

 
         

Revenues

  $ 438,210  

Net loss

  $ (8,896,345

)

Net loss per common share

  $ (1.25

)

 

 

 

NOTE 5.  DEBT

 

Term Loan Facility

On August 9, 2017, the Company entered into a Loan and Security Agreement with Silicon Valley Bank (“SVB”) that provides for a Term Loan Facility (the “Term Loan Facility” and all amounts borrowed thereunder, the “Term Loan”). Under the Term Loan Facility, the Company borrowed an initial amount of $7.5 million, and will have the right to borrow an additional $7.5 million on or before December 31, 2018, provided that the Company first obtains (i) net new capital of not less than $20,000,000 and (ii) FDA approval for the 81 mg formulation of Vazalore.

 

The Term Loan Facility carries interest at a floating rate of 4.0% above the prime rate per annum (for a total interest rate of 9.25% at September 30, 2018), with interest payable monthly. The monthly payments will consist of interest-only for the first 18 months, after which the Term Loan will be payable in 24 equal monthly installments of principal, plus accrued interest. All outstanding principal and accrued and unpaid interest under the Term Loan will be due and payable on February 9, 2021. Once repaid, the Term Loan may not be reborrowed.

 

The Company may elect to prepay the Term Loan Facility prior to the maturity date subject to a prepayment fee equal to 3.0% of the then outstanding principal balance if the prepayment occurs within one year of the funding date, 2.0% of the then outstanding principal balance if the prepayment occurs during the second year following the funding date, and 1.0% of the then outstanding principal balance if the prepayment occurs after the second anniversary of the funding date. The Term Loan Facility includes a final payment fee equal to 8.0% of the original principal amount. The final payment fee is being accrued using the effective interest method over the period of the Term Loan Facility.

 

The Term Loan Facility is collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s assets, including the Company’s intellectual property. The Term Loan Facility also contains certain restrictive covenants that limit the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness and liens, merge with other companies or consummate certain changes of control, acquire other companies, engage in new lines of business, make certain investments, pay dividends, transfer or dispose of assets, amend certain material agreements or enter into various specified transactions, as well as financial reporting requirements. The Term Loan Facility contains customary events of default, including bankruptcy, the failure to make payments when due, the occurrence of a material impairment on the lenders’ security interest over the collateral, and a material adverse change. Upon the occurrence of an event of default, subject to any specified cure periods, all amounts owed by the Company would begin to bear interest at a rate that is 5.00% above the rate effective immediately before the event of default and may be declared immediately due and payable by SVB.

 

In connection with entry into the Term Loan Facility, the Company issued to SVB and one of its affiliates, stock purchase warrants to purchase an aggregate of 58,502 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $6.41 per share (the “Warrants”). The Warrants are immediately exercisable, have a 10-year term, contain a cashless exercise provision, and are classified in equity. The relative fair value of the warrants, net of issuance costs, was $304,201.

 

As of September 30, 2018, the $7.5 million face value of the Term Loan was presented in the accompanying unaudited consolidated balance sheet net of unamortized discounts and issuance costs of $372,710.

 

Convertible Notes Payable and Convertible Notes Payable – Related Parties

During 2016 and during the 2017 period prior to the Merger, the Company borrowed $2,346,000 from a number of lenders in increments ranging from $5,000 to $250,000, including $588,300 from related parties. All notes accrued interest at 8% per annum with a maturity date of May 31, 2017. The notes provided for the conversion of principal and accrued interest at a fixed conversion price of $7.84 per share immediately prior to the Merger. The notes plus accrued interest converted into 250,681 shares of common stock of Old PLx immediately prior to the Merger.  The Company recognized interest expense of $623,908 upon conversion relating to a contingent beneficial conversion feature.

  

Note Payable

On January 6, 2017, and pursuant to the Merger agreement with Dipexium, the Company borrowed $2 million from Dipexium. The loan accrued interest on all outstanding principal at a rate of 8% per annum and had as a maturity date the later of (a) October 15, 2017, or (b) the date that would have been 270 days following the termination of the Merger Agreement, subject to acceleration in the event that the Merger Agreement had been terminated by Dipexium under certain conditions. The loan was secured by a first priority perfected security interest in, and lien on, all right, title and interest of Old PLx in and to substantially all of its assets. Upon the occurrence of certain events that would have resulted in a termination of the Merger agreement, any security interest created by the promissory note would have ceased to be effective. However, as the Merger closed on April 19, 2017, those provisions are no longer applicable and the applicable security interest has been terminated. The note payable and related accrued interest were effectively settled with the Merger (see Note 4) and subsequent to the Merger closing were eliminated in consolidation.

 

Total interest expense recognized on the various debt arrangements for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $290,773 and $168,272, respectively. Total interest expense recognized on the various debt arrangements for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $849,457 and $891,835, respectively.

 

 

 

NOTE 6.  STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Equity Financing

On June 14, 2017, the Company completed a concurrent public offering of common stock and private placement of stock purchase warrants to investors, issuing (i) 2,646,091 shares of common stock in the public offering at $6.875 per share and (ii) stock purchase warrants to purchase 2,646,091 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $7.50 per share in the private placement, generating total gross proceeds of approximately $18.2 million. The warrants, exercisable beginning six months and one day after issuance, have a 10-year term and are liability classified due to the holders’ right to require the Company to repurchase the warrants for cash upon certain deferred fundamental transactions.

 

Stock Options

Following is a summary of option activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:

 

   

Number of

Options

   

Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price

   

Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
(in years)

   

Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value

 

Outstanding, December 31, 2017

    1,166,709     $ 18.54       7.8     $ 90,097  

Granted

    85,000     $ 3.46                  

Exercised, cancelled or forfeited

    (45,000

)

  $ 6.55                  

Outstanding, September 30, 2018

    1,206,709     $ 17.93       7.2     $ 66,675  
                                 

Exercisable, September 30, 2018

    1,009,459     $ 20.39       6.8     $ -  

 

On September 13, 2018, the Company’s shareholders approved the 2018 Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”). The 2018 Plan provides that the Company may grant equity interests to employees, consultants and members of the Board of Directors in the form of incentive and nonqualified stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights and various other forms of stock-based awards. 1,250,000 shares are authorized to be issued pursuant to the 2018 Plan. As of September 30, 2018, no awards have been granted under the 2018 Plan.

 

Prior to the approval of the 2018 Plan, the Company granted options to employees, directors, advisors, and consultants from two former plans – the Old PLx Omnibus Stock Option Plan and the Dipexium 2013 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Prior Plans”). Upon the adoption of the 2018 Plan, the Prior Plans were frozen, and no new awards can be issued pursuant to the Prior Plans. The Company is no longer authorized to grant awards under these two plans. On April 19, 2017, the Company completed the Merger with Dipexium and Dipexium had 191,963 fully vested options outstanding as of the date of the Merger that continue to be exercisable.

 

The Company granted 85,000 options during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 with an aggregate fair value of $207,537 calculated using the Black-Scholes model on the grant date. Variables used in the Black-Scholes model include: (1) discount rate of 2.6% to 2.8%, (2) expected life of 6.0 years, (3) expected volatility of 76% to 82%, and (4) zero expected dividends.

 

As of September 30, 2018, the Company had $0.6 million in unamortized expense related to unvested options which is expected to be expensed over a weighted average of 2.1 years.

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded $247,536 and $942,040, respectively, in total compensation expense related to the stock options and stock bonuses. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded $765,136 and $1,348,310, respectively, in total compensation expense related to the stock options and stock bonuses. Substantially all share-based compensation expense is classified as general and administrative expenses in the accompanying unaudited consolidated statements of operations.

 

 

 

NOTE 7.  COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Lease Agreement

The Company presently leases office space under operating lease agreements, expiring on December 31, 2019, July 31, 2021 and October 3, 2021, respectively. The office leases require the Company to pay for its portion of taxes, maintenance and insurance. Rental expense under these agreements was $29,753 and $69,516 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Rental expense under these agreements was $86,890 and $129,879 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

 

Future minimum obligations under non-cancelable operating leases with terms expiring through 2021 are:

 

2018

    86,056  

2019

    349,804  

2020

    301,993  

2021

    190,874  

Total

  $ 928,727  

 

The Company ceased using the office space under one of the leases in the fourth quarter of 2017 and entered into a sublease agreement that leases substantially all of the space to a subtenant. The Company recognized a loss of approximately $200,000 in the fourth quarter of 2017 related to the abandonment. The above table of minimum lease payments excludes approximately $606,000 of sublease payments expected to be received through July 31, 2021.

 

Patent License Agreement with the Board of Regents of the University of Texas (NSAIDs)

On January 8, 2003, the Company entered into a patent license agreement with the Board of Regents of The University of Texas System (the “University”), under which it acquired an exclusive license for several patents and patent applications both inside and outside of the United States relating to gastrointestinal safer formulations of NSAIDs. Additionally, the Company acquired worldwide rights to commercialize licensed products which allow for the Company to grant sublicenses subject to royalty payments.

 

Under terms of the agreement, the Company is responsible for conducting clinical trials involving investigational use of a licensed product for the determination of metabolic and pharmacologic actions in humans, the side effects associated with increasing doses, examination of suspected indications, determination of the potential short-term side effects in humans and for establishing the safety, efficacy, labeled indications and risk-benefit profile in humans. The patent license agreement also requires the Company to provide reimbursement for all expenses incurred by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston for filing, prosecuting, enforcing and maintaining patent rights and requires an annual nonrefundable license management fee. In addition, the Company is obligated to pay certain milestone payments in future years relating to royalties resulting from the approval to sell licensed products and the resulting sales of such licensed products. The Company recognized total expenses of $10,667 and $58,522 related to the University in the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2018, respectively. The Company recognized total expenses of $7,527 and $56,039 related to the University in the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2017, respectively.

 

Investor Relations Agreement

On March 21, 2017, the Company entered into an agreement with an investor relations firm. The agreement expires in June 2019 and the Company agreed to pay a fee of $11,250 in cash for the period from March 15, 2017 through April 30, 2017 and a monthly fee of $15,000 starting May 1, 2017. The $15,000 monthly fee is $7,500 payable in cash and $7,500 payable in shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company issued 15,340 shares of common stock during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 as payment for services during such period.

 

Severance Obligations

Effective July 31, 2017, the Company entered into a separation agreement with its former Acting Chief Financial Officer. Pursuant to the agreement, the Company agreed to pay monthly severance payments of $12,500 for twelve months following the separation date. The Company had fully paid this obligation as of September 30, 2018.

 

 

 

NOTE 8.  FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received in the sale of an asset or that would be paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company has categorized all investments recorded at fair value based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their fair value.

 

Hierarchical levels, directly related to the amount of subjectivity associated with the inputs to fair valuation of these assets and liabilities, are as follows:

 

 

Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the organization has the ability to access at the reporting date.

 

Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, which are either observable or that can be derived from or corroborated by observable data as of the reporting date.

 

Level 3: Inputs include those that are significant to the fair value of the asset or liability and are generally less observable from objective resources and reflect the reporting entity’s subjective determinations regarding the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

 

 

Financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis

The Company evaluates financial assets and liabilities subject to fair value measurements on a recurring basis to determine the appropriate level at which to classify them each reporting period. This determination requires the Company to make subjective judgments as to the significance of inputs used in determining fair value and where such inputs lie within the hierarchy.

 

The stock purchase warrants issued in June 2017 contain certain cash settlement features and, accordingly, the Company considered them to be liabilities and accounted for them at fair value using Level 3 inputs. The Company determined the fair value of this warrant liability using a binomial asset pricing model that consisted of a conditional probability weighted expected return method that values the Company’s equity securities assuming various possible future outcomes to estimate the allocation of value within one or more of the scenarios. Using this method, unobservable inputs included the Company’s equity value, expected timing of possible outcomes, risk free interest rates and stock price volatility.

 

The following table sets forth a summary of changes in the fair value of Level 3 liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:

 

 

Description

 

Balance at

December 31,

2017

   

Established

in 2018

   

Change in

Fair Value

   

Balance at

September 30,

2018

 
                                 

Warrant liability

  $ 15,242,915     $ -     $ (7,017,923

)

  $ 8,224,992  

 

The following table sets forth a summary of changes in the fair value of Level 3 liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the three months ended September 30, 2018:

 

 

Description

 

Balance at

June 30,

2018

   

Established

in 2018

   

Change in

Fair Value

   

Balance at

September 30,

2018

 
                                 

Warrant liability

  $ 7,816,189     $ -     $ 408,803     $ 8,224,992  

 

 

The following table identifies the carrying amounts of such liabilities at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017:

 

   

Level 1

   

Level 2

   

Level 3

   

Total

 
                                 

Warrant liability

  $ -     $ -     $ 8,224,992     $ 8,224,992  

Balance at September 30, 2018

  $ -     $ -     $ 8,224,992     $ 8,224,992  

 

 

 

   

Level 1

   

Level 2

   

Level 3

   

Total

 
                                 

Warrant liability

  $ -     $ -     $ 15,242,915     $ 15,242,915  

Balance at December 31, 2017

  $ -     $ -     $ 15,242,915     $ 15,242,915  

 

 

Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value on a non-recurring basis

The Company does not have any financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis.

 

Non-financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value on a recurring basis

The Company does not have any non-financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis.

 

Non-financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value on a non-recurring basis

The Company measures its long-lived assets, including property and equipment and intangible assets (including goodwill), at fair value on a non-recurring basis when they are deemed to be impaired. No such impairment was recognized in the nine or three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

See Note 4 for a discussion of the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the Merger.

 

 

 

ITEM 2.

 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the “Quarterly Report”) that are not strictly historical are forward-looking statements and include statements about products in development, results and analyses of pre-clinical studies, clinical trials and studies, research and development expenses, cash expenditures, and alliances and partnerships, among other matters. You can identify these forward-looking statements because they involve our expectations, intentions, beliefs, plans, projections, anticipations, or other characterizations of future events or circumstances. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements as a result of any number of factors. These factors include, but are not limited to, risks relating to our ability to conduct and obtain successful results from ongoing clinical trials, commercialize our technology, obtain regulatory approval for our product candidates, contract with third parties to adequately test and manufacture our proposed therapeutic products, protect our intellectual property rights and obtain additional financing to continue our development efforts. We do not undertake to update any of these forward-looking statements or to announce the results of any revisions to these forward-looking statements except as required by law. 

 

We urge you to read this entire Quarterly Report, including the “Risk Factors” referenced under Part II. Item 1A, the financial statements, and related notes. As used in this Quarterly Report, unless the context otherwise requires, the words “we,” “us,” “our,” “the Company” and “PLx Pharma” refers to PLx Pharma Inc. and its subsidiaries. The information contained herein is current as of the date of this Quarterly Report (September 30, 2018), unless another date is specified. We prepare our interim financial statements in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“U.S. GAAP”). Our financials and results of operations for the nine and three months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of our prospective financial condition and results of operations for the pending full fiscal year ending December 31, 2018. The interim financial statements presented in this Quarterly Report as well as other information relating to the Company contained in this Quarterly Report should be read in conjunction and together with the reports, statements and information filed by us with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).

 

Our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is provided in addition to the accompanying financial statements and notes to assist readers in understanding our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

 

Overview

We are a late-stage specialty pharmaceutical company initially focused on developing our clinically validated and patent-protected PLxGuard delivery system to provide more effective and safer aspirin products. Our PLxGuard delivery system works by releasing active pharmaceutical ingredients into the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine immediately below the stomach, rather than in the stomach itself. We believe this could improve the absorption of many drugs currently on the market or in development and reduces acute gastrointestinal (“GI”) side effects — including erosions, ulcers and bleeding — associated with aspirin and ibuprofen, and potentially other drugs.

 

Our U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) approved lead product, Vazalore 325 mg (formerly PL2200 Aspirin 325 mg and subsequently Aspertec 325 mg), is a novel formulation of aspirin using the PLxGuard delivery system that is intended to significantly reduce acute GI side effects while providing better antiplatelet effectiveness for cardiovascular disease prevention as compared with the current standard of care, enteric-coated aspirin. Vazalore 325 mg was originally approved under the drug name aspirin, and the proprietary name ‘Vazalore’ was granted subsequent to the FDA approval. A companion 81 mg dose of the same novel formulation — Vazalore 81 mg (formerly Aspertec 81 mg) — is in late-stage development and will be the subject of a supplemental New Drug Application, leveraging the already approved status of Vazalore 325 mg. Our goal is to begin selling both products in the United States by mid-2020, subject to approval by the FDA.

 

Our commercialization strategy will target both the over-the-counter (“OTC”) and prescription markets, taking advantage of the existing OTC distribution channels for aspirin while leveraging the FDA approval of Vazalore 325 mg and expected approval for Vazalore 81 mg for OTC and prescription use when recommended by physicians for cardiovascular disease treatment and prevention. Given our clinical demonstration of better antiplatelet efficacy (as compared with enteric-coated aspirin) and improved acute GI safety over regular aspirin, we intend to use a physician-directed sales force to inform physicians — and, by extension, consumers — about our product’s clinical results in an effort to command both greater market share and a higher price for our aspirin product. Our product pipeline also includes other oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (“NSAIDs”) using the PLxGuard delivery system that may be developed, including a clinical-stage, GI-safer ibuprofen — PL1200 Ibuprofen 200 mg — for pain and inflammation.

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies

Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Note 3 of the Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere herein describes the significant accounting policies used in the preparation of the financial statements. Certain of these significant accounting policies are considered to be critical accounting policies, as defined below.

 

A critical accounting policy is defined as one that is both material to the presentation of our financial statements and requires management to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments that could have a material effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Specifically, critical accounting estimates have the following attributes: (1) we are required to make assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time of the estimate; and (2) different estimates we could reasonably have used, or changes in the estimate that are reasonably likely to occur, would have a material effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

 

Estimates and assumptions about future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions believed to be applicable and reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates may change as new events occur, as additional information is obtained and as our operating environment changes. These changes have historically been minor and have been included in the financial statements as soon as they became known. Based on a critical assessment of our accounting policies and the underlying judgments and uncertainties affecting the application of those policies, management believes that our financial statements are fairly stated in accordance with U.S. GAAP and present a meaningful presentation of our financial condition and results of operations. We believe the following critical accounting policies reflect our more significant estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements:

 

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. In the accompanying consolidated financial statements, estimates are used for, but not limited to, determining the fair value of tangible and intangible assets and liabilities acquired in business combinations, the fair value of warrant liabilities, share-based compensation, allowance for inventory obsolescence, allowance for doubtful accounts, contingent liabilities, fair value and depreciable lives of long-lived assets, and deferred taxes and associated valuation allowance. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received in the sale of an asset or that would be paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company has categorized all investments recorded at fair value based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their fair value.

 

Hierarchical levels, directly related to the amount of subjectivity associated with the inputs to fair valuation of these assets and liabilities, are as follows:

 

Level 1: Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the organization has the ability to access at the reporting date.

 

Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, which are either observable or that can be derived from or corroborated by observable data as of the reporting date.

 

Level 3: Inputs include those that are significant to the fair value of the asset or liability and are generally less observable from objective resources and reflect the reporting entity’s assumptions about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

 

The Company’s financial instruments (cash and cash equivalents, receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities) are carried in the consolidated balance sheet at cost, which reasonably approximates fair value based on their short-term nature. The Company’s warrant liabilities are recorded at fair value, with changes in fair value being reflected in the statements of operations for the period of change. The fair value of the noncurrent term loan approximates its face value of $7,500,000 based on the Company’s current financial condition and on the variable nature of term loan’s interest feature as compared to current rates.

 

Research and Development Expenses

Costs incurred in connection with research and development activities are expensed as incurred. Research and development expenses consist of direct and indirect costs associated with specific projects and include fees paid to various entities that perform research related services for the Company.

 

 

Share-Based Compensation

The Company recognizes expense in the consolidated statements of operations for the fair value of all share-based compensation to key employees, nonemployee directors and advisors, generally in the form of stock options and stock awards. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option valuation model to estimate the fair value of stock options on the grant date. Compensation cost is amortized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period for each respective award. The Company adopted new accounting guidance, effective January 1, 2017 with respect to share-based compensation and related income tax aspects, and now accounts for forfeitures as they occur rather than using an estimated forfeiture rate.  The adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Adopted Accounting Guidance

For a discussion of significant accounting guidance recently adopted or unadopted accounting guidance that has the potential of being significant, see Note 3 of the Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere herein.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Comparison of Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

 

Revenue 

 

Total revenues were $216,530 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, a 248% increase as compared to revenues of $62,259 for the three months ended September 30, 2017. Revenue in both the 2018 and 2017 periods is primarily attributable to work performed under a federal grant from the National Institutes of Health awarded in 2017.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Total operating expenses were approximately $3.0 million during the three months ended September 30, 2018, a 24% decrease from operating expenses of approximately $4.0 million in the comparable period in 2017. Operating expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended

September 30,

   

Increase (Decrease)

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

$

   

%

 

Operating Expenses

                               

Research and development expenses

  $ 1,219,144     $ 958,255     $ 260,889       27

%

General and administrative expenses

    1,800,159       3,021,290       (1,221,131

)

    (40

)%

Total operating expenses

  $ 3,019,303     $ 3,979,545     $ (960,242

)

    (24

)%

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses totaled approximately $1.2 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 compared to $1.0 million in the prior year period, an increase of approximately $0.3 million. The expenses in both periods included continued product development and manufacturing activities for Vazalore.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses totaled approximately $1.8 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 compared to approximately $3.0 million in the prior year period, a decrease of approximately $1.2 million primarily due to lower compensation expense.

 

Other income (expense), net

 

Other income (expense), net totaled approximately $0.6 million of net expense in the three months ended September 30, 2018 compared to $0.1 million of net other income in the prior year period. The change is largely attributable to the non-cash change in fair value of warrant liability primarily due to the fluctuation of the price of the Company’s common stock ($0.4 million of net other expense in the three months ended September 30, 2018 as compared to $0.3 million of other income in the comparable 2017 period), along with approximately $0.1 million of additional interest expense in the 2018 period.

 

 

Comparison of Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

 

Revenue 

 

Total revenues were $465,446 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, a 6% increase from revenues of $438,210 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. Revenue in both the 2018 and 2017 periods is primarily attributable to work performed under a federal grant from the National Institutes of Health awarded in 2017.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Total operating expenses were $8.9 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, an 11% decrease from operating expenses of $10.0 million in the comparable period in 2017. Operating expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

   

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

   

Increase (Decrease)

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

$

   

%

 

Operating Expenses

                               

Research and development expenses

  $ 3,032,426     $ 1,712,890     $ 1,319,536       77

%

General and administrative expenses

    5,870,745       8,263,019       (2,392,274

)

    (29

)%

Total operating expenses

  $ 8,903,171     $ 9,975,909     $ (1,072,738

)

    (11

)%

 

Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses totaled $3.0 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to $1.7 million in the prior year period, an increase of $1.3 million. The increase was due to continued manufacturing activities and other product development activities for Vazalore and a $0.8 million provision for inventory obsolescence in 2018.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses totaled $5.9 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to $8.3 million in the prior year period, a decrease of $2.4 million primarily due to public offering costs of $1.3 million related to the June 2017 equity offering, lower compensation expense of $1.0 million and lower professional fees of $0.4 million, partially offset by prelaunch marketing spend in the 2018 period of $0.3 million.

 

Other income (expense), net

 

Other income (expense), net totaled approximately $6.4 million of net other income in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to $1.2 million of net other income in the prior year period. The change is largely attributable to the non-cash change in fair value of warrant liability primarily due to the fluctuation of the price of the Company’s common stock ($7.0 million of net other income in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 as compared to $2.0 million of other income in the comparable 2017 period), partially offset by approximately $0.2 million of additional interest income earned in the 2018 period.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Financial Condition

 

The following table summarizes the primary uses and sources of cash for the periods indicated:

 

   

Nine Months Ended September 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 
                 

Net cash used in operating activities

  $ (7,212,239

)

  $ (7,611,257

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

  $ (654,870

)

  $ 11,577,648  

Net cash provided by financing activities

  $ -     $ 26,412,738  

 

 

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities of $7.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 primarily reflects our net loss for the period of $2.0 million adjusted for various non-cash charges and income, including (i) $7.0 million change in fair value of warrant liability reflected as other income, partially offset by (ii)  $0.8 million for an increase to inventory obsolescence reserve, (iii) $0.8 million of share-based compensation, (iv) $0.2 million of non-cash interest expense and (v) $0.1 million of depreciation expense.

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities of approximately $7.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily reflects our net loss for the period of approximately $7.5 million adjusted for various non-cash charges and income, including (i) $2.0 million change in fair value of warrant liability reflected as other income, (ii) net operating asset/liability changes of approximately $0.6 million, (iii) $0.9 million deferred tax benefit resulting from the Merger partially offset by (iv) $1.3 million of offering expenses attributable to the warrant liability resulting from our June 2017 public offering, (v) $1.3 million of share-based compensation and (vi) $0.7 million of non-cash interest expense relating to a beneficial conversion feature.

 

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities totaled approximately ($0.7 million) and $11.6 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Net cash used in the 2018 period relates to the purchase of property and equipment. In the 2017 period, cash acquired from Dipexium in the Merger totaled approximately $11.8 million and was partially offset by approximately $0.2 million of equipment purchases.

 

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities totaled approximately $26.4 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2017. We had no cash provided by or used in financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Financing activities in the 2017 period consisted of approximately $16.7 million of equity offering proceeds, $2.0 million received from note with Dipexium issued prior to the Merger, $7.1 million in net proceeds under a term loan from Silicon Valley Bank, and approximately $0.6 million of convertible note proceeds which subsequently converted to Old PLx equity immediately prior to the closing of the Merger.

 

Future Liquidity and Needs

 

As of September 30, 2018, we had working capital of approximately $13.6 million, including cash and cash equivalents of $16.5 million. Based on our expected operating cash requirements and capital expenditures, we believe the Company’s cash on hand at September 30, 2018 is adequate to fund operations for at least twelve months from the date that this Quarterly Report is filed.

 

We have not generated any revenue from the sale of products, have not generated revenue from licensing activities, and have incurred losses in each year since we commenced operations. As of September 30, 2018, we had an accumulated deficit of $69.4 million. We expect to continue to incur significant expenses and increasing operating losses for the foreseeable future as we continue the development and commercialization of Vazalore and our other product candidates. Even if we do generate revenues, we may never achieve profitability, and even if we do achieve profitability in the future, we may not be able to sustain profitability in subsequent periods. Our prior losses, combined with expected future losses, have had and will continue to have an adverse effect on our stockholders’ equity and working capital. If we are unable to achieve and sustain profitability, the market value of our common stock will likely decline. Because of the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with developing biopharmaceutical products, we are unable to predict the extent of any future losses or when, if ever, we will become profitable.

 

We anticipate that we will need to obtain substantial additional financing in the future to fund our future operations. We may obtain additional financing through public or private equity offerings, debt financings (including related-party financings), a credit facility or strategic collaborations. On August 9, 2017, we entered into a Loan and Security Agreement with Silicon Valley Bank that provides for a Term Loan Facility. Under the Term Loan Facility, the Company borrowed an initial amount of $7.5 million, and will have the right to borrow an additional $7.5 million on or before December 31, 2018, provided that the Company first obtains (i) net new capital of not less than $20,000,000 and (ii) FDA approval for the 81 mg formulation of Vazalore. We do not anticipate achieving these milestones prior to December 31, 2018.

 

Additional financing may not be available to us when we need it or it may not be available to us on favorable terms, if at all. Our failure to raise capital as and when needed could have a negative impact on our financial condition and our ability to pursue our business strategies. Future capital requirements will also depend on the extent to which we acquire or invest in additional complementary businesses, products and technologies. We currently have no understandings, commitments or agreements relating to any of these types of transactions. If we are unable to raise additional funds when needed, we may be required to sell or license our technologies or clinical product candidates or programs that we would prefer to develop and commercialize ourselves. Without additional funding — or, alternatively, a partner willing to collaborate and fund development — we will be unable to continue development of PL1200 Ibuprofen or any other development-stage products in our pipeline. 

 

ITEM 3. 

 QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We are not required to provide the information required by this item as we are considered a smaller reporting company, as defined in Section 229.10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K.

 

 

ITEM 4.

 CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Based on an evaluation under the supervision, and with the participation, of the Company’s management, the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act were effective as of September 30, 2018 to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. 

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Inherent Limitations Over Internal Controls

The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:

 

(i)        pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the Company’s assets;

(ii)       provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, and that the Company’s receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of the Company’s management and directors; and

(iii)      provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Management, including the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, does not expect that the Company’s internal controls will prevent or detect all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of internal controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. Also, any evaluation of the effectiveness of controls with respect to future periods is subject to the risk that those internal controls may become inadequate because of changes in business conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

 

PART II.

 OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.

 LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 

 

We are parties to legal proceedings that we believe to be ordinary, routine litigation incidental to the business of present or former operations. It is management’s opinion, based on the advice of counsel, that the ultimate resolution of such litigation will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

ITEM 1A.

 RISK FACTORS 

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report, please carefully consider the risk factors described in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, under the heading “Part I – Item 1A. Risk Factors.” The risks described are not the only risks facing us. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us, or that our management currently deems to be immaterial, also may adversely affect our business, financial condition, and/or operating results. There have been no material changes to those risk factors since their disclosure in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended.

 

 

ITEM 2.

 UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

     

None.

 

ITEM 3.

 DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

     

None.

 

ITEM 4.

 MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

    

Not Applicable.

 

ITEM 5.

 OTHER INFORMATION

    

Not Applicable.

 

ITEM 6.

 EXHIBITS

     

The exhibits listed in the accompanying index to exhibits are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this Quarterly Report. 

 

 

 

INDEX TO EXHIBITS 

 

Number

Description

10.1

2018 Incentive Plan* 

   
31.1

Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*

 

 

31.2

Certification of the Principal Financial and Accounting Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*

 

 

32.1

Certification of the Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer pursuant to U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*

 

 

 

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document.*

 

 

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.*

 

 

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document.*

 

 

101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.*

 

 

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document.*

 

 

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document.*

 

 

*

Filed herewith.

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

PLX PHARMA INC.

 

 

 

Date:  November 9, 2018

 

/s/ Natasha Giordano

 

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Rita O’Connor

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

26

ex_127181.htm

Exhibit 10.1

 

PLx Pharma Inc.

 

2018 Incentive Plan

 

Article 1

Establishment and Purpose

 

1.1     Establishment of the Plan. PLx Pharma Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), hereby establishes an incentive compensation plan (the “Plan”), as set forth in this document.

 

1.2     Purpose of the Plan. The purpose of the Plan is to promote the success and enhance the value of the Company by linking the personal interests of Participants to those of the Company’s stockholders, and by providing Participants with an incentive for outstanding performance.

 

1.3     Effective Date of the Plan. The Plan is effective as of the date the Plan is approved by the Company’s stockholders (the “Effective Date”). The Plan will be deemed to be approved by the stockholders if it receives the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the shares of stock of the Company present or represented and entitled to vote at a meeting duly held in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Company’s Bylaws. The PLx Pharma Inc. 2015 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “Prior Plan”) shall be frozen on the date on which this Plan is approved by the Company’s stockholders and no new awards shall be issued under the Prior Plan. With respect to outstanding awards under the Prior Plan, the Prior Plan shall remain in place and any awards granted under the Prior Plan shall continue to be subject to the terms of the Prior Plan and applicable Award Agreements (as defined below) (including any such terms that are intended to survive the termination of the Prior Plan or the settlement of such Award (as defined below)) and shall remain in effect pursuant to their terms.

 

1.4     Duration of the Plan. Unless sooner terminated as provided herein, the Plan shall terminate ten (10) years from the Effective Date. After the Plan is terminated, no Awards may be granted but Awards previously granted shall remain outstanding in accordance with their applicable terms and conditions and the Plan’s terms and conditions.

 

Article 2

Definitions

 

Whenever used in the Plan, the following terms shall have the meanings set forth below and, when the meaning is intended, the initial letter of the word is capitalized:

 

2.1     “Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person that directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries controls, is controlled by or is under common control with, the Person in question, including any subsidiary. As used herein, the term “control” means the possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a Person, whether through ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise. As used herein, the term “subsidiary” means any corporation, partnership, venture or other entity in which the Company holds, directly or indirectly, a fifty percent (50%) or greater ownership interest.

 

2.2     “Applicable Law” means any applicable law, including without limitation: (a) provisions of the Code, the Securities Act, the Exchange Act and any rules or regulations thereunder; (b) corporate, securities, tax or other laws, statutes, rules, requirements or regulations, whether federal, state, local or foreign; and (c) rules of any securities exchange or automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted or traded.

 

2.3     “Award” means, individually or collectively, a grant or award under this Plan of Options, Stock Appreciation Rights, Restricted Stock (including unrestricted Stock), Restricted Stock Units, Performance Stock Units, Performance Shares, Deferred Stock Awards, Other Stock-Based Awards, Dividend Equivalent Awards and Performance Bonus Awards, in each case subject to the terms of the Plan.

 

2.4     “Award Agreement” means an agreement, certificate, resolution or other type or form of writing or other evidence approved by the Committee which sets forth the terms and conditions of an Award. An Award Agreement may be in any electronic medium, may be limited to a notation on the books and records of the Company and, with the approval of the Committee, need not be signed by a representative of the Company or a Participant. In the event of any inconsistency between the Plan and an Award Agreement, the terms of the Plan shall govern.

 

 

 

 

2.5     “Beneficial Owner” or “Beneficial Ownership” has the meaning ascribed to such term in Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act.

 

2.6     “Board” or “Board of Directors” means the Company’s Board of Directors.

 

2.7     “Cause” means, except as otherwise defined in an Award Agreement, a Participant’s (i) conviction of, or the entry of a plea of guilty or no contest to, a felony or any other crime that causes the Company or its Affiliates public disgrace or disrepute, or materially and adversely affects the Company’s or its Affiliates’ operations or financial performance or the relationship the Company has with its customers, (ii) gross negligence or willful misconduct with respect to the Company or any of its Affiliates, including, without limitation fraud, embezzlement, theft or proven dishonesty in the course of his or her employment or other service; (iii) refusal to perform any lawful, material obligation or fulfill any duty (other than any duty or obligation of the type described in clause (v) below) to the Company or its Affiliates (other than due to a Disability), which refusal, if curable, is not cured within fifteen (15) days after delivery of written notice thereof; (iv) material breach of any agreement with or duty owed to the Company or any of its Affiliates, which breach, if curable, is not cured within fifteen (15) days after the delivery of written notice thereof; or (v) any breach of any obligation or duty to the Company or any of its Affiliates (whether arising by statute, common law or agreement) relating to confidentiality, noncompetition, nonsolicitation or proprietary rights. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if a Participant and the Company (or any of its Affiliates) have entered into an employment agreement, consulting agreement or other similar agreement that specifically defines “cause,” then with respect to such Participant, “Cause” shall have the meaning defined in that employment agreement, consulting agreement or other agreement.

 

2.8     “Change in Control” shall be deemed to have occurred if:

 

(a)     any Person, other than a trustee or other fiduciary holding securities under an employee benefit plan of the Company or a corporation owned directly or indirectly by the stockholders of the Company in substantially the same proportions as their ownership of stock of the Company, becomes the Beneficial Owner, directly or indirectly, of securities of the Company representing fifty percent (50%) or more of the total voting power represented by the Company’s then outstanding voting securities;

 

(b)     during any period of two (2) consecutive years, individuals who at the beginning of such period constitute the Board of Directors of the Company and any new Director whose election by the Board of Directors or nomination for election by the Company’s stockholders was approved by a vote of a majority of the Directors then still in office who either were Directors at the beginning of the period or whose election or nomination for election was previously so approved, cease for any reason to constitute a majority thereof;

 

(c)     the consummation of a merger or consolidation of the Company with any other corporation, other than a merger or consolidation which would result in the voting securities of the Company outstanding immediately prior thereto continuing to represent (either by remaining outstanding or by being converted into voting securities of the surviving entity) at least fifty percent (50%) of the total voting power represented by the voting securities of the Company or such surviving entity outstanding immediately after such merger or consolidation; or

 

(d)     the stockholders of the Company approve a plan of complete liquidation of the Company or an agreement for the sale or disposition by the Company of all or substantially all the Company’s assets.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, if a Change in Control constitutes a payment event with respect to any Award (or any portion of an Award) that provides for the deferral of compensation that is subject to Section 409A of the Code, to the extent required to avoid the imposition of additional taxes under Section 409A of the Code, the transaction or event described in subsection (a), (b), (c) or (d) with respect to such Award (or portion thereof) shall only constitute a Change in Control for purposes of the payment timing of such Award if such transaction also constitutes a “change in control event,” as defined in Treasury Regulation Section 1.409A-3(i)(5).

 

The Committee shall have full and final authority, which shall be exercised in its sole discretion, to determine conclusively whether a Change in Control has occurred pursuant to the above definition, the date of the occurrence of such Change in Control and any incidental matters relating thereto; provided that any exercise of authority in conjunction with a determination of whether a Change in Control is a “change in control event” as defined in Treasury Regulation Section 1.409A-3(i)(5) shall be consistent with such regulation.

 

2.9     “Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time, and the Treasury Regulations issued thereunder.

 

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2.10     “Committee” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1.

 

2.11     “Company” has the meaning set forth in Section 1.1.

 

2.12     “Consultant” means any consultant or advisor who renders bona fide services to the Company or an Affiliate, other than as an Employee or Director, provided that such services are not in connection with the offer or sale of securities in a capital-raising transaction and do not, directly or indirectly, promote or maintain a market for the Company’s or its Affiliates’ securities.

 

2.13     “Deferred Stock” means a right to receive a specified number of shares of Stock during specified time periods pursuant to Article 9.

 

2.14     “Director” means a member of the Board.

 

2.15     “Disability” means, unless otherwise determined by the Committee in the applicable Award Agreement, absence of an Employee from work under the relevant Company or Subsidiary long term disability plan; provided, however, that to entitle a Participant to an extended exercise period for an Incentive Stock Option, the Participant must be described in Section 22(e)(3) of the Code. Notwithstanding the foregoing, for Awards subject to Section 409A of the Code, Disability shall mean that a Participant is disabled under Section 409A(a)(2)(C)(i) or (ii) of the Code.

 

2.16     “Dividend Equivalent” means a right granted to a Participant pursuant to Article 9 to receive the equivalent value (in cash or Stock) of dividends paid on Stock.

 

2.17     “Effective Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 1.3.

 

2.18     “Eligible Person” means any person who is an employee, officer, director, consultant, advisor or other individual service provider of the Company or any Affiliate, or any person who is determined by the Committee to be a prospective employee, officer, director, consultant, advisor or other individual service provider of the Company or any Affiliate.

 

2.19      “Employee” means any person employed by the Company, its Affiliates and/or Subsidiaries; provided, that, for purposes of determining eligibility to receive Incentive Stock Options, an Employee shall mean an employee of the Company or a parent or subsidiary corporation within the meaning of Section 424 of the Code. Mere service as a Director or payment of a director’s fee by the Company or an Affiliate shall not be sufficient to constitute “employment” by the Company or an Affiliate.

 

2.20     “Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended from time to time, or any successor Act thereto.

 

2.21     “Exercise Price” means the price at which a Share may be purchased by a Participant pursuant to an Option, as determined by the Committee.

 

2.22     “Fair Market Value” or “FMV” means, as of any date, the value of Stock determined as follows:

 

(a)     If the Stock is listed on one or more established stock exchanges or national market systems, including without limitation, the NASDAQ Global Select Market, The NASDAQ Global Market or The NASDAQ Capital Market of The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC, its Fair Market Value shall be the closing sales price for such Stock (or the closing bid, if no sales were reported) as quoted on the principal exchange or system on which the Stock is listed (as determined by the Committee) on the date of determination (or, if no closing sales price or closing bid was reported on that date, as applicable, on the last immediately preceding trading date such closing sales price or closing bid was reported), as reported in The Wall Street Journal or such other source as the Committee deems reliable;

 

(b)     If the Stock is regularly quoted on an automated quotation system (including the OTC Bulletin Board) or by a recognized securities dealer, its Fair Market Value shall be the closing sales price for such Stock as quoted on such system or by such securities dealer on the date of determination, but if selling prices are not reported, the Fair Market Value of a share of Stock shall be the mean between the high bid and low asked prices for the Stock on the date of determination (or, if no such prices were reported on that date, on the last date such prices were reported), as reported in The Wall Street Journal or such other source as the Committee deems reliable; or

 

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(c)     In the absence of an established market for the Stock of the type described in (a) and (b), above, the Fair Market Value thereof shall be determined by the Committee in good faith using any reasonable method of valuation, which method may be set forth with greater specificity in the Award Agreement, (and, to the extent necessary or advisable, in a manner consistent with Section 409A of the Code and Section 422 of the Code for Incentive Stock Options), which determination shall be conclusive and binding on all interested parties. Such reasonable method may be determined by reference to (i) the placing price of the latest private placement of the Shares and the development of the Company’s business operations and the general economic and market conditions since such latest private placement; (ii) other third party transactions involving the Shares and the development of the Company’s business operation and the general economic and market conditions since such sale; (iii) an independent valuation of the Shares (by a qualified valuation expert) or (iv) such other methodologies or information as the Committee determines to be indicative of Fair Market Value.

 

2.23     “Good Reason” means, unless the applicable Award Agreement states otherwise, (i) if an Employee or Consultant is a party to an employment or service agreement with the Company or its Affiliates and such agreement provides for a definition of “good reason,” the definition contained therein, or (ii) if no such agreement exists or if such agreement does not define “good reason,” in connection with a Termination of Employment by a Participant within one (1) year following a Change in Control, (1) a material adverse alteration in the Participant’s position or in the nature or status of the Participant’s responsibilities from those in effect immediately prior to the Change in Control, or (2) any material reduction in the Participant’s base salary rate or target annual bonus, in each case as in effect immediately prior to the Change in Control, or (3) the relocation of the Participant’s principal place of employment to a location that is more than fifty (50) miles from the location where the Participant was principally employed at the time of the Change in Control or materially increases the time of the Participant’s commute as compared to the Participant’s commute at the time of the Change in Control (except for required travel on the Company’s business to an extent substantially consistent with the Participant’s customary business travel obligations in the ordinary course of business prior to the Change in Control).

 

In order to invoke a Termination of Employment for Good Reason, a Participant must provide written notice to the Company or the Employer with respect to which the Participant is employed or providing services of the existence of one or more of the conditions constituting Good Reason within ninety (90) days following the Participant’s knowledge of the initial existence of such condition or conditions, specifying in reasonable detail the conditions constituting Good Reason, and the Company shall have thirty (30) days following receipt of such written notice (the “Cure Period”) during which it may remedy the condition. In the event that the Company or the Employer fails to remedy the condition constituting Good Reason during the applicable Cure Period, the Participant’s “separation from service” (within the meaning of Section 409A of the Code) must occur, if at all, within one (1) year following such Cure Period in order for such termination as a result of such condition to constitute a Termination of Employment for Good Reason.

 

2.24     “Incentive Stock Option” means an Option that is intended to qualify as an “incentive stock option” within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code and that meets the requirements set out in the Plan.

 

2.25     “Insider” means an individual who is, on the relevant date, an officer, director, or ten percent (10%) beneficial owner of the Company, as those terms are defined under Section 16 of the Exchange Act, who is required to file reports pursuant to Rule 16a-3 under the Exchange Act.

 

2.26     “Non-Employee Director” means a member of the Board who is not an Employee of the Company.

 

2.27     “Non-Qualified Stock Option” means an Option that, by its terms, does not qualify or is not intended to qualify as an Incentive Stock Option.

 

2.28     “Option” means the right to purchase Stock granted to a Participant in accordance with Article 6. Options granted under the Plan may be Non-Qualified Stock Options, Incentive Stock Options or a combination thereof.

 

2.29    “Other Stock-Based Award” means an equity-based or equity-related Award not otherwise described by the terms of the Plan, granted pursuant to Article 9.

 

2.30     “Participant” means an Eligible Person to whom an Award is granted under the Plan.

 

2.31     “Performance Goal” means any goals established by the Committee pursuant to an Award.

 

2.32     “Performance Period” means one or more periods of time, which may be of varying and overlapping durations, as the Committee may select, over which the attainment of one or more Performance Goals will be measured for the purpose of determining a Participant’s right to, and the payment of, Performance Stock Units and Performance Shares.

 

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2.33     “Performance Stock Unit” and “Performance Share” each mean an Award granted to an Employee pursuant to Article 9 herein.

 

2.34     “Permitted Transferee” shall mean, with respect to a Participant, any “family member” of the Participant, as defined in the General Instructions to Form S-8 Registration Statement under the Securities Act (or any successor form thereto), or to any other transferee specifically approved by the Committee after taking into account Applicable Law, but excluding any third-party financial institutions.

 

2.35     “Person” has the meaning ascribed to such term in Section 3(a)(9) of the Exchange Act and used in Sections 13(d) and 14(d) thereof, including a “group” as defined in Section 13(d) thereof.

 

2.36     “Plan” means this PLx Pharma Inc. 2018 Incentive Plan, as it may be amended from time to time.

 

2.37     “Prior Plan” has the meaning set forth in Section 1.3.

 

2.38     “Restricted Stock” means Stock awarded to a Participant pursuant to Article 8 as to which the Restriction Period has not lapsed.

 

2.39     “Restricted Stock Unit” means an Award granted pursuant to Section 8.9 as to which the Restriction Period has not lapsed.

 

2.40     “Restriction Period” means the period when Restricted Stock or Restricted Stock Units are subject to a “substantial risk of forfeiture” within the meaning of Section 83 of the Code (based on the passage of time, the achievement of performance goals, or upon the occurrence of other events as determined by the Committee, in its discretion), as provided in Article 8.

 

2.41     “Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

2.42     “Share” means a share of Stock of the Company.

 

2.43     “Stock” means the common stock of the Company, par value $0.01 per share.

 

2.44     “Stock Appreciation Right” or “SAR” means a right granted pursuant to Article 7 to receive an amount payable in cash or Shares equal to the excess of (i) the Fair Market Value of a specified number of Shares on the date the SAR is exercised over (ii) the Fair Market Value of such Shares on the date the SAR was granted as set forth in the applicable Award Agreement.

 

2.45     “Subsidiary” means any corporation, partnership, venture, unincorporated association or other entity in which the Company holds, directly or indirectly, a fifty percent (50%) or greater ownership interest, provided, however, that with respect to an Incentive Stock Option, a Subsidiary must be a corporation. The Committee may, at its sole discretion, designate, on such terms and conditions as the Committee shall determine, any other corporation, partnership, limited liability company, venture, or other entity a Subsidiary for purposes of this Plan.

 

2.46     “Ten Percent Owner” means a person who owns, or is deemed within the meaning of Section 422(b)(6) of the Code to own, stock possessing more than 10% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of the Company (or any parent or subsidiary corporations of the Company, as defined in Sections 424(e) and (f), respectively, of the Code). Whether a person is a Ten Percent Owner shall be determined with respect to an Option based on the facts existing immediately prior to the grant date of the Option.

 

2.47     “Termination of Employment” or a similar reference means the event where the Employee is no longer an Employee of the Company or of any Subsidiary, including but not limited to where the employing company ceases to be a Subsidiary. With respect to any Participant who is not an Employee, “Termination of Employment” shall mean cessation of the performance of services. With respect to any Award that provides “non-qualified deferred compensation” within the meaning of Section 409A of the Code, “Termination of Employment” shall mean a “separation from service” as defined under Section 409A of the Code. Military or sick leave or other bona fide leave shall not be deemed a termination of employment, provided that it does not exceed the longer of three (3) months or the period during which the absent Participant’s reemployment rights, if any, are guaranteed by statute or by contract.

 

2.48     “Treasury Regulation” or “Treas. Reg.” means any regulation promulgated under the Code, as such regulation may be amended from to time.

 

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Article 3

Administration

 

3.1     The Committee. Except as otherwise provided herein, the Plan shall be administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board (the “Committee”). Unless otherwise determined by the Board, the Committee shall consist solely of two or more members of the Board each of whom is (a) a “non-employee director” within the meaning of Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act, and (b) an “independent director” under the rules of the Nasdaq Capital Market (or any similar rule or listing requirement that may be applicable to the Company from time to time); provided, that any action taken by the Committee shall be valid and effective, whether or not members of the Committee at the time of such action are later determined not to have satisfied the requirements for membership set forth in this Section 3.1 or otherwise provided in any charter of the Committee. Notwithstanding the foregoing: (a) the full Board, acting by a majority of its members in office, shall conduct the general administration of the Plan with respect to all Awards granted to Non-Employee Directors and for purposes of such Awards the term “Committee” as used in this Plan shall be deemed to refer to the Board and (b) the Committee may delegate its authority hereunder to the extent permitted by Section 3.4. In its sole discretion, the Board may at any time and from time to time exercise any and all rights and duties of the Committee under the Plan except with respect to matters which under Rule 16b-3 under the Exchange Act, or any regulations or rules issued thereunder, are required to be determined in the sole discretion of the Committee. Except as may otherwise be provided in any charter of the Committee, appointment of Committee members shall be effective upon acceptance of appointment; Committee members may resign at any time by delivering written notice to the Board; and vacancies in the Committee may only be filled by the Board.

 

3.2     Authority of the Committee. Subject to the general purposes, terms and conditions of this Plan and Applicable Law, and to the direction of the Board, the Committee shall have complete control over the administration of the Plan and shall have full authority to (a) exercise all of the powers granted to it under the Plan, (b) construe, interpret and implement the Plan, grant terms and grant notices, and all Award Agreements, (c) prescribe, amend and rescind rules and regulations relating to the Plan, including rules governing its own operations, (d) make all determinations necessary or advisable in administering the Plan, (e) correct any defect, supply any omission and reconcile any inconsistency in the Plan, (f) amend the Plan to reflect changes in applicable law (whether or not the rights of the holder of any Award are adversely affected, unless otherwise provided by the Committee), (g) grant Awards and determine who shall receive Awards, when such Awards shall be granted and the terms and conditions of such Awards, including, but not limited to, conditioning the exercise, vesting, payout or other term of condition of an Award on the achievement of Performance Goals, (h) unless otherwise provided by the Committee, amend any outstanding Award in any respect, not materially adverse to the Participant, including, without limitation, to (1) accelerate the time or times at which the Award becomes vested, unrestricted or may be exercised (and, in connection with such acceleration, the Committee may provide that any Shares acquired pursuant to such Award shall be restricted Shares, which are subject to vesting, transfer, forfeiture or repayment provisions similar to those in the Participant’s underlying Award), (2) accelerate the time or times at which Shares are delivered under the Award (and, without limitation on the Committee’s rights, in connection with such acceleration, the Committee may provide that any shares of Stock delivered pursuant to such Award shall be Restricted Shares, which are subject to vesting, transfer, forfeiture or repayment provisions similar to those in the Participant’s underlying Award), or (3) waive or amend any goals, restrictions or conditions applicable to such Award, or impose new goals, restrictions and (i) determine at any time whether, to what extent and under what circumstances and method or methods (1) Awards may be (A) settled in cash, Shares, other securities, other Awards or other property (in which event, the Committee may specify what other effects such settlement will have on the Participant’s Award), (B) exercised or (C) canceled, forfeited or suspended, (2) Shares, other securities, cash, other Awards or other property and other amounts payable with respect to an Award may be deferred either automatically or at the election of the Participant or of the Committee, or (3) Awards may be settled by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any of its or their designees.

 

No Award may be made under the Plan after the tenth (10th) anniversary of the Effective Date.

 

3.3     Committee Decisions Final. The act or determination of a majority of the Committee shall be the act or determination of the Committee and any decision reduced to writing and signed by all of the members of the Committee shall be fully effective as if it had been made by a majority at a meeting duly held. The Committee may employ attorneys, consultants, accountants, agents, and other persons, any of whom may be an Employee, and the Committee, the Company, and its officers and Directors shall be entitled to rely upon the advice, opinions, or valuations of any such persons. All actions taken and all interpretations and determinations made by the Committee pursuant to the provisions of the Plan and all related orders or resolutions shall be final and binding upon the Participants, the Company, and all other interested persons, including but not limited to the Company, its stockholders, Employees, Participants, and their estates and beneficiaries.

 

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3.4     Delegation of Authority. The Board or Committee may from time to time delegate to a committee of one or more members of the Board or one or more officers of the Company the authority to grant or amend Awards or to take other administrative actions pursuant to this Article 3; provided, however, that in no event shall an officer of the Company be delegated the authority to grant Awards to, or amend Awards held by, the following individuals: (a) individuals who are subject to Section 16 of the Exchange Act, or (b) officers of the Company (or Directors) to whom authority to grant or amend Awards has been delegated hereunder; provided, further, that any delegation of administrative authority shall only be permitted to the extent it is permissible under the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, Bylaws and Applicable Law. Any delegation hereunder shall be subject to the restrictions and limits that the Board or Committee specifies at the time of such delegation or that are otherwise included in the applicable Organizational Documents, and the Board or Committee, as applicable, may at any time rescind the authority so delegated or appoint a new delegatee. At all times, the delegatee appointed under this Section 3.4 shall serve in such capacity at the pleasure of the Board or the Committee, as applicable, and the Board or the Committee may abolish any committee at any time and re-vest in itself any previously delegated authority

 

3.5     Indemnification. To the extent allowable pursuant to applicable law, each member of the Committee or of the Board shall be indemnified and held harmless by the Company from any loss, cost, liability, or expense that may be imposed upon or reasonably incurred by such member in connection with or resulting from any claim, action, suit, or proceeding to which he or she may be a party or in which he or she may be involved by reason of any action or failure to act pursuant to the Plan and against and from any and all amounts paid by him or her in satisfaction of judgment in such action, suit, or proceeding against him or her; provided he or she gives the Company an opportunity, at its own expense, to handle and defend the same before he or she undertakes to handle and defend it on his or her own behalf. The foregoing right of indemnification shall not be exclusive of any other rights of indemnification to which such persons may be entitled pursuant to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation or Bylaws, as a matter of law, or otherwise, or any power that the Company may have to indemnify them or hold them harmless.

 

Article 4

Shares Subject to the Plan

 

4.1     Number of Shares. Subject to adjustment as provided in Sections 4.2 and 4.3, the aggregate number of Shares of Stock which may be issued or transferred pursuant to Awards under the Plan shall be the sum of: (i) 1,250,000 shares, plus (ii) the number of shares of common stock of the Company which remain available for grants of options or other awards under the Prior Plan as of the Effective Date, plus (iii) the number of Shares that, after the Effective Date, would again become available for issuance pursuant to the reserved share replenishment provisions of the Prior Plan as a result of, stock options issued thereunder expiring or becoming unexercisable for any reason before being exercised in full, or, as a result of restricted stock being forfeited to the Company or repurchased by the Company pursuant to the terms of the agreements governing such shares. The share replenishment provision of the immediately preceding clause (iii) shall be effective regardless of whether the Prior Plan has terminated or remains in effect. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in order that the applicable regulations under the Code relating to Incentive Stock Options be satisfied, the maximum number of shares of Stock that may be delivered upon exercise of Incentive Stock Options shall be 1,000,000, as adjusted under Sections 4.2 and 4.3. Shares of Stock issued pursuant to the Plan may be either authorized but unissued Shares or Shares held by the Company in its treasury.

 

4.2     Share Accounting. Without limiting the discretion of the Committee under this section, the following rules will apply for purposes of the determination of the number of Shares available for grant under the Plan or compliance with the foregoing limits:

 

(a)     If an outstanding Award for any reason expires or is terminated or canceled without having been exercised or settled in full, or if Shares acquired pursuant to an Award subject to forfeiture are forfeited under the terms of the Plan or the relevant Award, the Shares allocable to the terminated portion of such Award or such forfeited Shares shall again be available for issuance under the Plan.

 

(b)     Shares shall not be deemed to have been issued pursuant to the Plan with respect to any portion of an Award that is settled in cash, other than an Option.

 

(c)     If the exercise price of an Option is paid by tender to the Company, or attestation to the ownership, of Shares owned by the Participant, or an Option is settled without the payment of the exercise price, or the payment of taxes with respect to any Award is settled by a net exercise, the number of shares available for issuance under the Plan shall be reduced by the gross number of shares for which the Option is exercised or other Awards that have vested.

 

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4.3     Adjustments in Authorized Plan Shares and Outstanding Awards. In the event of any merger, reorganization, consolidation, recapitalization, separation, split-up, liquidation, Share combination, Stock split, Stock dividend, an extraordinary cash distribution on Stock, a corporate separation or other reorganization or liquidation or other change in the corporate or capital structure of the Company affecting the Shares, an adjustment shall be made in a manner consistent with Sections 422 and 424(h)(3) of the Code for Incentive Stock Options and in a manner consistent with Section 409A of the Code for Non-Qualified Stock Options and in the number and class of and/or price of Shares subject to outstanding Awards granted under the Plan, and/or the number of outstanding Options, Shares of Restricted Stock, and Performance Shares (and Restricted Stock Units, Performance Stock Units and other Awards whose value is based on a number of Shares) constituting outstanding Awards, as may be determined to be appropriate and equitable by the Committee, in its sole discretion, to prevent dilution or enlargement of rights. The Committee may make adjustments in the terms and conditions of, and the criteria included in Awards in recognition of unusual or nonrecurring events (including, without limitation, the events described in this Section) affecting the Company or the financial statements of the Company or of changes in applicable laws, regulations, or accounting principles, whenever the Committee determines that such adjustments are appropriate in order to prevent dilution or enlargement of the benefits or potential benefits intended to be made available under the Plan. Adjustments under this Section 4.3 shall be consistent with Section 409A of the Code and adjustments pursuant to determination of the Committee shall be conclusive and binding on all Participants under the Plan.

 

4.4     Limitation on Number of Shares Granted to Non-Employee Directors. Notwithstanding any provision in the Plan to the contrary, the sum of the grant date Fair Market Value of equity-based Awards and the amount of any cash-based Awards granted to a Non-Employee Director during any calendar year shall not exceed five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000).

 

Article 5

Eligibility and Participation

 

5.1     Eligibility and Participation. Subject to the provisions of the Plan, the Committee may, from time to time, select from all Eligible Persons, those to whom Awards shall be granted and shall determine, in its sole discretion, the nature of, any and all terms permissible by law, and the amount of each Award. In making this determination, the Committee may consider any factors it deems relevant, including without limitation, the office or position held by a Participant or the Participant’s relationship to the Company, the Participant’s degree of responsibility for and contribution to the growth and success of the Company or any Subsidiary or Affiliate, the Participant’s length of service, promotions and potential. No individual shall have the right to be selected to receive an Award under this Plan, or, having been so selected, to be selected to receive a future Award. In addition, there is no obligation for uniformity of treatment of Participants or holders or beneficiaries of Awards. The terms and conditions of Awards and the Committee’s determinations and interpretations with respect thereto need not be the same with respect to each Participant and may be made selectively among Participants, whether or not such Participants are similarly situated.

 

5.2     Foreign Participants. In order to assure the viability of Awards granted to Participants employed in foreign countries, the Committee may provide for such special terms as it may consider necessary or appropriate to accommodate differences in local law, tax policy, or custom. Moreover, the Committee may approve such supplements to, or amendments, restatements, or alternative versions of, the Plan as it may consider necessary or appropriate for such purposes without thereby affecting the terms of the Plan as in effect for any other purpose; provided, however, that no such supplements, amendments, restatements, or alternative versions shall increase the share limitations contained in Section 4.1 of the Plan.

 

Article 6

Options

 

6.1     Grant of Options. Subject to the terms and provisions of the Plan, Options may be granted to Participants in such number, and upon such terms and conditions, and at any time and from time to time as shall be determined by the Committee, in its sole discretion, subject to the limitations set forth in Article 4 and the following terms and conditions:

 

(a)     Award Agreement. Each Option grant shall be evidenced by an Award Agreement that shall specify the terms and conditions of the Option, including the Exercise Price, the maximum duration of the Option, the number of Shares to which the Option pertains, the conditions upon which an Option shall become vested and exercisable, and such other provisions as the Committee shall determine which are not inconsistent with the terms of the Plan. The Award Agreement also shall specify whether the Option is intended to be an Incentive Stock Option or a Non-Qualified Stock Option.

 

(b)     Exercise Period. Unless a shorter period is otherwise provided by the Committee at the time of grant, each Option will expire on the tenth (10th) anniversary date of its grant or on the fifth (5th) anniversary of its grant date if the Participant is a Ten Percent Owner.

 

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(c)     Exercise Price. Unless a greater Exercise Price is determined by the Committee, the Exercise Price for each Option awarded under this Plan shall be equal to one hundred percent (100%) of the Fair Market Value of a Share on the date the Option is granted.

 

(d)     Vesting of Options. Subject to Section 13.1, a grant of Options shall vest at such times and under such terms and conditions as determined by the Committee including, without limitation, suspension of a Participant’s vesting during all or a portion of a Participant’s leave of absence.

 

6.2     Limitations on Incentive Stock Options. In addition to the general requirements of Article 6, the terms of any ISO granted pursuant to the Plan must comply with the provisions of this Section 6.2.

 

(a)     ISO Eligibility. ISOs may be granted only to Employees of the Company or of any parent or subsidiary corporation (as permitted under Sections 422 and 424 of the Code). No ISO Award may be made pursuant to this Plan after the tenth (10th) anniversary of the Effective Date.

 

(b)     ISO Individual Dollar Limitation. The aggregate Fair Market Value (determined as of the date the Option is granted) of all Shares with respect to which Incentive Stock Options are first exercisable by a Participant in any calendar year may not exceed one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000.00) or such other limitation as imposed by Section 422(d) of the Code. To the extent that Incentive Stock Options are first exercisable by a Participant in excess of such limitation, the excess shall be considered Non-Qualified Stock Options.

 

(c)     ISO Expiration. An ISO will expire and may not be exercised to any extent by anyone after the first to occur of the following events:

 

(i)     Ten (10) years from the date of grant, unless an earlier time is set in the Award Agreement;

 

(ii)     Three (3) months after the date of the Participant’s Termination of Employment other than on account of Disability or death. Whether a Participant continues to be an employee shall be determined in accordance with Treas. Reg. Section 1.421-1(h)(2); and

 

(iii)     One (1) year after the date of the Participant’s Termination of Employment on account of Disability or death. Upon the Participant’s Disability or death, any ISOs exercisable at the Participant’s Disability or death may be exercised by the Participant’s legal representative or representatives, by the person or persons entitled to do so pursuant to the Participant’s last will and testament, or, if the Participant fails to make testamentary disposition of such ISO or dies intestate, by the person or persons entitled to receive the ISO pursuant to the applicable laws of descent and distribution.

 

Any ISO that remains exercisable pursuant to a Participant’s agreement with the Company following Termination of Employment and is unexercised more than one (1) year following Termination of Employment by reason of death or Disability or more than three (3) months following Termination of Employment for any reason other than death or Disability will thereafter be deemed to be a Non-Qualified Stock Option.

 

(d)     Ten Percent Owners. In the case of an ISO granted to a Ten Percent Owner, such ISO shall be granted at an exercise price that is not less than one hundred and ten percent (110%) of Fair Market Value on the date of grant and, unless a shorter period is otherwise provided by the Committee at the time of grant, each ISO will expire on the fifth (5th) anniversary of its grant date.

 

(e)     Notification of Disposition. If a Participant disposes of Shares acquired upon exercise of an ISO within two (2) years from the date the Option is granted or within one (1) year after the issuance of such Shares to the Participant, the Participant shall notify the Company of such disposition and provide information regarding the date of disposition, sale price, number of Shares disposed of, and any other information relating thereto that the Company may reasonably request.

 

(f)      Right to Exercise. During a Participant’s lifetime, an Incentive Stock Option may be exercised only by the Participant.

 

(g)     Failure to Meet ISO Requirements. If an Option is intended to be an Incentive Stock Option, and if, for any reason, such Option (or any portion thereof) shall not qualify as an Incentive Stock Option, then, to the extent of such nonqualification, such Option (or portion thereof) shall be regarded as a Non-Qualified Stock Option appropriately granted under the Plan; provided that such Option (or portion thereof) otherwise complies with the Plan’s requirements relating to Non-Qualified Stock Options.

 

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6.3     Exercise of Options.

 

(a)     Options granted under the Plan shall be exercisable at such times and be subject to such restrictions and conditions as the Committee shall in each instance approve, which need not be the same for each grant or for each Participant. Exercises of Options may be effected only on days and during the hours NASDAQ is open for regular trading. The Company may change or limit the times or days Options may be exercised. If an Option expires on a day or at a time when exercises are not permitted, then the Options may be exercised no later than the immediately preceding date and time that the Options were exercisable.

 

(b)     An Option shall be exercised by providing notice to the designated agent selected by the Company (if no such agent has been designated, then to the Company), in the manner and form determined by the Company, which notice shall be irrevocable, setting forth the exact number of Shares with respect to which the Option is being exercised and including with such notice payment of the Exercise Price, as applicable. When an Option has been transferred, the Company or its designated agent may require appropriate documentation that the person or persons exercising the Option, if other than the Participant, has the right to exercise the Option. No Option may be exercised with respect to a fraction of a Share.

 

6.4     Termination of Employment. Unless otherwise provided by the Committee in the applicable Award Agreement, the following limitations on the exercise of Options shall apply upon Termination of Employment:

 

(a)     Termination by Death or Disability. In the event of the Participant’s Termination of Employment by reason of death or Disability, all outstanding Options granted to such Participant which are vested and exercisable as of the effective date of Termination of Employment by reason of death or Disability may be exercised, if at all, no more than one (1) year from such date of Termination of Employment, unless the Options, by their terms, expire earlier. All unvested Options granted to such Participant shall immediately become forfeited.

 

(b)     Involuntary Termination Without Cause. If a Participant’s Termination of Employment is by involuntary termination without Cause, all Options held by such Participant that are vested and exercisable at the time of the Participant’s Termination of Employment may be exercised by the Participant at any time within a period of ninety (90) days from the date of such Termination of Employment, but in no event beyond the expiration of the stated term of such Options. All Options held by the Participant which are not vested on or before the effective date of Termination of Employment shall immediately be forfeited to the Company (and the Shares subject to such forfeited Options shall once again become available for issuance under the Plan).

 

(c)     Voluntary Termination. If a Participant’s Termination of Employment is voluntary (other than a voluntary termination described in Section 6.4(d)), all Options held by such Participant that are vested and exercisable at the time of the Participant’s Termination of Employment may be exercised by the Participant at any time within a period of ninety (90) days from the date of such Termination of Employment, but in no event beyond the expiration of the stated terms of such Options. All Options held by the Participant which are not vested on or before the effective date of Termination of Employment shall immediately be forfeited to the Company (and the Shares subject to such forfeited Options shall once again become available for issuance under the Plan).

 

(d)     Termination for Cause. If the Participant’s Termination of Employment (i) is by the Company for Cause or (ii) is a voluntary Termination (as provided in Subsection (c) above) after the occurrence of an event that would be grounds for Termination of Employment for Cause, all outstanding Options held by the Participant shall immediately be forfeited to the Company and no additional exercise period shall be allowed, regardless of the vested status of the Options (and the Shares subject to such forfeited Options shall once again become available for issuance under the Plan).

 

(e)     Other Terms and Conditions. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Committee may, in its sole discretion, establish different, or waive, terms and conditions pertaining to the effect of Termination of Employment on Options, whether or not the Options are outstanding, but no such modification shall shorten the terms of Options issued prior to such modification or otherwise be materially adverse to the Participant.

 

6.5     Payment. The Committee shall determine the methods by which payments by any Participant with respect to any Awards granted under the Plan may be paid and the form of payment. Unless otherwise determined by the Committee, the Exercise Price shall be paid in full at the time of exercise. No Shares shall be issued or transferred until full payment has been received or the next business day thereafter, as determined by the Company. The Committee may, from time to time, determine or modify the method or methods of exercising Options or the manner in which the Exercise Price is to be paid. Unless otherwise provided by the Committee in full or in part, to the extent permitted by Applicable Law, payment may be made by any of the following:

 

(a)     cash or certified or bank check;

 

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(b)     delivery of Shares owned by the Participant duly endorsed for transfer to the Company, with a Fair Market Value of such Shares delivered on the date of delivery equal to the Exercise Price (or portion thereof) due for the number of Shares being acquired;

 

(c)     if the Company has designated a stockbroker to act as the Company’s agent to process Option exercises, an Option may be exercised by issuing an exercise notice together with instructions to such stockbroker irrevocably instructing the stockbroker: (i) to immediately sell (which shall include an exercise notice that becomes effective upon execution of a sale order) a sufficient portion of the Shares to be received from the Option exercise to pay the Exercise Price of the Options being exercised and the required tax withholding, and (ii) to deliver on the settlement date the portion of the proceeds of the sale equal to the Exercise Price and tax withholding to the Company. In the event the stockbroker sells any Shares on behalf of a Participant, the stockbroker shall be acting solely as the agent of the Participant, and the Company disclaims any responsibility for the actions of the stockbroker in making any such sales. However, if the Participant is an Insider, then the instruction to the stock broker to sell in the preceding sentence is intended to comply with the requirements of Rule 10b5-1(c)(1)(i)(B) of the Exchange Act to the extent permitted by law. No Shares shall be issued until the settlement date and until the proceeds (equal to the Exercise Price and tax withholding) are paid to the Company;

 

(d)     at any time, the Committee may, in addition to or in lieu of the foregoing, provide that an Option may be “stock settled,” which shall mean upon exercise of an Option, the Company may fully satisfy its obligation under the Option by delivering that number of shares of Stock found by taking the difference between (i) the Fair Market Value of the Stock on the exercise date, multiplied by the number of Options being exercised and (ii) the total Exercise Price of the Options being exercised, and dividing such difference by the Fair Market Value of the Stock on the exercise date; or

 

(e)     any combination of the foregoing methods.

 

Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan to the contrary, no Participant who is a Director or an “executive officer” of the Company shall be permitted to pay the Exercise Price of an Option in any method which would violate Section 13(h) of the Exchange Act.

 

Article 7

 

Stock Appreciation Rights

 

7.1     Grant of SARs. Any Participant selected by the Committee may be granted one or more SARs. SARs may be granted alone or in tandem with Options. Each SAR shall be evidenced by an Award Agreement that shall specify the exercise price, the term of the SAR, and such other provisions as the Committee shall determine. With respect to SARs granted in tandem with Options, the exercise of either such Options or such SARs shall result in the simultaneous cancellation of the same number of tandem SARs or Options, as the case may be.

 

7.2     Exercise Price. The exercise price per Share covered by a SAR granted pursuant to the Plan shall be equal to or greater than Fair Market Value on the date the SAR was granted.

 

7.3     Term. The term of each SAR shall be determined by the Committee in its sole discretion, but in no event shall the term exceed ten (10) years from the date of grant.

 

7.4     Payment. SARs may be settled in the form of cash, shares of Stock or a combination of cash and shares of Stock, as determined by the Committee.

 

7.5     Other Provisions. Except as the Committee may deem inappropriate or inapplicable in the circumstances, SARs shall be subject to terms and conditions substantially similar to those applicable to Non-Qualified Options as set forth in Article 6.

 

Article 8

Restricted Stock Awards

 

8.1     Grant of Restricted Stock. Subject to the terms and provisions of the Plan, the Committee, at any time and from time to time, may grant shares of Restricted Stock to Eligible Persons in such amounts and upon such terms and conditions as the Committee shall determine. In addition to any other terms and conditions imposed by the Committee, vesting of Restricted Stock may be conditioned upon the achievement of Performance Goals.

 

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8.2     Restricted Stock Agreement. The Committee may require, as a condition to receiving a Restricted Stock Award, that the Participant enter into a Restricted Stock Award Agreement, setting forth the terms and conditions of the Award. In lieu of a Restricted Stock Award Agreement, the Committee may provide the terms and conditions of an Award in a notice to the Participant of the Award, on the Stock certificate representing the Restricted Stock, in the resolution approving the Award, or in such other manner as it deems appropriate. If certificates representing the Restricted Stock are registered in the name of the Participant, any certificates so issued shall be printed with an appropriate legend referring to the terms, conditions, and restrictions applicable to such Award as determined or authorized in the sole discretion of the Committee. Shares recorded in book-entry form shall be recorded with a notation referring to the terms, conditions, and restrictions applicable to such Award as determined or authorized in the sole discretion of the Committee. The Committee may require that the stock certificates or book-entry registrations evidencing shares of Restricted Stock be held in custody by a designated escrow agent (which may but need not be the Company) until the restrictions thereon shall have lapsed, and that the Participant deliver a stock power, endorsed in blank, relating to the Stock covered by such Award.

 

8.3     Restrictions. Subject to Section 13.1, the Restricted Stock shall be subject to such vesting terms, including the achievement of Performance Goals, as may be determined by the Committee. Unless otherwise provided by the Committee, to the extent Restricted Stock is subject to any condition to vesting, if such condition or conditions are not satisfied by the time the period for achieving such condition has expired, such Restricted Stock shall be forfeited. The Committee may impose such other conditions and/or restrictions on any shares of Restricted Stock granted pursuant to the Plan as it may deem advisable including but not limited to a requirement that Participants pay a stipulated purchase price for each share of Restricted Stock and/or restrictions under Applicable Law. The Committee may also grant Restricted Stock without any terms or conditions in the form of vested Stock Awards.

 

8.4     Removal of Restrictions. Except as otherwise provided in this Article 8 or otherwise provided in the grant thereof, Shares of Restricted Stock covered by each Restricted Stock grant made under the Plan shall become freely transferable by the Participant after completion of all conditions to vesting, if any. However, the Committee, in its sole discretion, shall have the right to immediately vest the shares and waive all or part of the restrictions and conditions with regard to all or part of the shares held by any Participant at any time.

 

8.5     Voting Rights, Dividends and Other Distributions. Participants holding shares of Restricted Stock granted hereunder may exercise full voting rights and, subject to the provisions of this Section 8.5, may receive all dividends and distributions paid with respect to such Shares. If any such dividends or distributions are paid in Shares, the Shares shall automatically be subject to the same restrictions and conditions as the Restricted Stock with respect to which they were paid. In addition, with respect to a share of Restricted Stock, dividends shall only be paid out to the extent that the Share of Restricted Stock vests. Any cash dividends and stock dividends with respect to the Restricted Stock shall be withheld by the Company for the Participant’s account, and interest may be credited on the amount of the cash dividends withheld at a rate and subject to such terms as determined by the Committee. The cash dividends or stock dividends so withheld by the Committee and attributable to any particular share of Restricted Stock (and earnings thereon, if applicable) shall be distributed to the Participant in cash or, at the discretion of the Committee, in shares of Stock having a Fair Market Value equal to the amount of such dividends, if applicable, upon the release of restrictions on such share and, if such share is forfeited, the Participant shall have no right to such dividends.

 

8.6     Termination of Employment Due to Death or Disability. In the event of the Participant’s Termination of Employment by reason of death or Disability, unless otherwise determined by the Committee, all restrictions imposed on outstanding Shares of Restricted Stock held by the Participant shall immediately lapse and the Restricted Stock shall immediately become fully vested as of the date of Termination of Employment.

 

8.7     Termination of Employment for Other Reasons. Unless otherwise provided by the Committee, in the event of the Participant’s Termination of Employment for any reason other than those specifically set forth in Section 8.6 herein, subject to Section 10.2, all shares of Restricted Stock held by the Participant which are not vested as of the effective date of Termination of Employment shall immediately be forfeited and returned to the Company.

 

8.8     Section 83(b) Election. The Committee may provide in an Award Agreement that the Award of Restricted Stock is conditioned upon the Participant making or refraining from making an election with respect to the Award under Section 83(b) of the Code. If a Participant makes an election pursuant to Section 83(b) of the Code concerning a Restricted Stock Award, the Participant shall be required to file a copy of such election with the Company within thirty (30) days following the date of grant.

 

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8.9     Restricted Stock Units. In lieu of or in addition to Restricted Stock, the Committee may grant Restricted Stock Units under such terms and conditions as shall be determined by the Committee in accordance with Section 3.2. Restricted Stock Units shall be subject to the same terms and conditions under this Plan as Restricted Stock except as otherwise provided in this Plan or as otherwise provided by the Committee. Except as otherwise provided by the Committee, the award shall be settled and paid out promptly upon vesting (to the extent permitted by Section 409A of the Code), and the Participant holding such Restricted Stock Units shall receive, as determined by the Committee, Shares (or cash equal to the Fair Market Value of the number of Shares as of the date the Award becomes payable) equal to the number of such Restricted Stock Units. Restricted Stock Units shall not be transferable, shall have no voting rights, and, unless otherwise determined by the Committee, shall not receive dividends or Dividend Equivalents (which in any event shall only be paid out to the extent that the Restricted Stock Units vest). Upon a Participant’s Termination of Employment due to death or Disability, the Committee will determine whether there should be any acceleration of vesting.

 

Article 9

Other Types of Awards

 

9.1     Performance Share Awards. Any Participant selected by the Committee may be granted one or more Performance Share awards which shall be denominated in a number of shares of Stock and which may be linked to any one or more of the Performance Goals or other specific performance criteria determined appropriate by the Committee, in each case on a specified date or dates or over any period or periods determined by the Committee. In making such determinations, the Committee shall consider (among such other factors as it deems relevant in light of the specific type of award) the contributions, responsibilities and other compensation of the particular Participant.

 

9.2     Performance Stock Units. Any Participant selected by the Committee may be granted one or more Performance Stock Unit awards which shall be denominated in units of value including dollar value of shares of Stock and which may be linked to any one or more of the Performance Goals or other specific performance criteria determined appropriate by the Committee, in each case on a specified date or dates or over any period or periods determined by the Committee. In making such determinations, the Committee shall consider (among such other factors as it deems relevant in light of the specific type of award) the contributions, responsibilities and other compensation of the particular Participant.

 

9.3     Dividend Equivalents. Any Participant selected by the Committee may be granted Dividend Equivalents based on the dividends declared on the Shares that are subject to any Award, to be credited as of dividend payment dates, during the period between the date the Award is granted and the date the Award is exercised, vests or expires, as determined by the Committee. Such Dividend Equivalents shall be converted to cash or additional shares of Stock by such formula and at such time and subject to such limitations as may be determined by the Committee, in a matter consistent with the rules of Section 409A of the Code; provided that, to the extent Shares subject to an Award are subject to vesting conditions, any Dividend Equivalents relating to such Shares shall be subject to the same vesting conditions.

 

9.4     Deferred Stock. Any Participant selected by the Committee may be granted an award of Deferred Stock in the manner determined from time to time by the Committee. The number of shares of Deferred Stock shall be determined by the Committee and may be linked to the Performance Criteria or other specific performance criteria determined to be appropriate by the Committee, in each case on a specified date or dates or over any period or periods determined by the Committee. Stock underlying a Deferred Stock Award will not be issued until the Deferred Stock Award has vested, pursuant to a vesting schedule or performance criteria set by the Committee. Unless otherwise provided by the Committee, a Participant awarded Deferred Stock shall have no rights as a Company stockholder with respect to such Deferred Stock until such time as the Deferred Stock Award has vested and the Stock underlying the Deferred Stock Award has been issued.

 

9.5     Other Stock-Based Awards. Any Participant selected by the Committee may be granted one or more Awards that provide Participants with shares of Stock or the right to purchase shares of Stock or that have a value derived from the value of, or an exercise or conversion privilege at a price related to, or that are otherwise payable in shares of Stock and which may be linked to any one or more of the Performance Goals or other specific performance criteria determined appropriate by the Committee, in each case on a specified date or dates or over any period or periods determined by the Committee. In making such determinations, the Committee shall consider (among such other factors as it deems relevant in light of the specific type of Award) the contributions, responsibilities and other compensation of the particular Participant.

 

9.6     Performance Bonus Awards. Any Participant selected by the Committee may be granted one or more Awards in the form of a cash bonus (a “Performance Bonus Award”) payable upon the attainment of Performance Goals that are established by the Committee, in each case on a specified date or dates or over any period or periods determined by the Committee.

 

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9.7     Term. Except as otherwise provided herein, the term of any Award of Performance Shares, Performance Stock Units, Dividend Equivalents, Deferred Stock, Other Stock-Based Award and Performance Bonus Award shall be set by the Committee in its discretion.

 

9.8     Exercise or Purchase Price. The Committee may establish the exercise or purchase price, if any, of any Award of Performance Shares, Performance Stock Units, Deferred Stock, Other Stock-Based Award and Performance Bonus Award; provided, however, that such price shall not be less than the Fair Market Value of a share of Stock on the date of grant, unless otherwise permitted by Applicable Law.

 

9.9     Exercise Upon Termination of Employment or Service. An Award of Performance Shares, Performance Stock Units, Deferred Stock, Other Stock-Based Award and Performance Bonus Award shall only be exercisable or payable while the Participant is an Employee, Consultant or Non-Employee Director, as applicable; provided, however, that the Committee in its sole and absolute discretion may provide that an Award of Performance Shares, Performance Stock Units, Deferred Stock, Stock Appreciation Rights, Other Stock-Based Award and Performance Bonus Award may be exercised or paid subsequent to a Termination of Employment without Cause. In the event of the Termination of Employment of a Participant by the Company for Cause, all Awards under this Article 9 shall be forfeited by the Participant to the Company.

 

9.10     Form of Payment. Payments with respect to any Awards granted under this Article 9 shall be made in cash, in Stock or a combination of both, as determined by the Committee.

 

9.11     Award Agreement. All Awards under this Article 9 shall be subject to such additional terms and conditions as determined by the Committee and shall be evidenced by a written Award Agreement.

 

Article 10

Change in Control

 

10.1     Vesting Upon Change in Control. For the avoidance of doubt, the Committee may not accelerate the vesting and exercisability (as applicable) of any outstanding Awards, in whole or in part, solely upon the occurrence of a Change in Control except as provided in this Section 10.1. In the event of a Change in Control after the date of the adoption of the Plan, then:

 

(a)     to the extent an outstanding Award subject solely to time-based vesting is not assumed or replaced by a comparable Award referencing shares of the capital stock of the successor corporation or its “parent corporation” (as defined in Section 424(e) of the Code) or “subsidiary corporation” (as defined in Section 424(f) of the Code) which is publicly traded on a national stock exchange or quotation system, as determined by the Committee in its sole discretion, with appropriate adjustments as to the number and kinds of shares and the exercise prices, if applicable, then any outstanding Award subject solely to time-based vesting then held by Participants that is unexercisable, unvested or still subject to restrictions or forfeiture shall, in each case as specified by the Committee in the applicable Award Agreement or otherwise, be deemed exercisable or otherwise vested, as the case may be, as of immediately prior to such Change in Control;

 

(b)     all Awards that vest subject to the achievement of any performance goal, target performance level, or similar performance-related requirement shall, in each case as specified by the Committee in the applicable Award Agreement or otherwise, either (A) be canceled and terminated without any payment or consideration therefor; or (B) automatically vest based on: (1) actual achievement of any applicable Performance Goals through the date of the Change in Control, as determined by the Committee in its sole discretion; or (2) achievement of target performance levels (or the greater of actual achievement of any applicable Performance Goals through the date of the Change in Control, as determined by the Committee in its sole discretion, and target performance levels); provided that in the case of vesting based on target performance levels, such Awards shall also be prorated based on the portion of the Performance Period elapsed prior to the Change in Control; and, in the case of this clause (B), shall be paid at the earliest time permitted under the terms of the applicable agreement, plan or arrangement that will not trigger a tax or penalty under Section 409A of the Code, as determined by the Committee; and

 

(c)     Each outstanding Award that is assumed in connection with a Change in Control, or is otherwise to continue in effect subsequent to the Change in Control, will be appropriately adjusted, immediately after the Change in Control, as to the number and class of securities and other relevant terms in accordance with Section 4.3.

 

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10.2     Termination of Employment Upon Change in Control. Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan to the contrary, and except as may otherwise be provided in any applicable Award Agreement or other written agreement entered into between the Company or Affiliate and a Participant, upon (i) a Participant’s involuntary Termination of Employment without Cause on or within one (1) year following a Change in Control, or (ii) a Participant’s Termination of Employment for Good Reason (including the Termination of Employment of the Participant if he or she is employed by an Affiliate at the time the Company sells or otherwise divests itself of such Affiliate), all outstanding Awards shall immediately become fully vested and exercisable; provided that Restricted Stock Units shall be settled in accordance with the terms of the grant without regard to the Change in Control unless the Change in Control constitutes a “change in control event” within the meaning of Section 409A of the Code and such Termination of Employment occurs within one (1) year following such Change in Control, in which case the Restricted Stock Units shall be settled and paid out with such Termination of Employment.

 

10.3     Cancellation and Termination of Awards. The Committee may, in connection with any merger, consolidation, share exchange or other transaction entered into by the Company in good faith, determine that any outstanding Awards granted under the Plan, whether or not vested, will be canceled and terminated and that in connection with such cancellation and termination the holder of such Award may receive for each Share subject to such Award a cash payment (or the delivery of shares of stock, other securities or a combination of cash, stock and securities equivalent to such cash payment) equal to the difference, if any, between the amount determined by the Committee to be the Fair Market Value of the Stock and the purchase price per Share (if any) under the Award multiplied by the number of Shares subject to such Award; provided that if such product is zero or less or to the extent that the Award is not then exercisable, the Award will be canceled and terminated without payment therefor.

 

Article 11

Amendment, Modification, and Termination

 

11.1     Amendment, Modification, and Termination of Plan. At any time and from time to time, the Board may amend, modify, alter, suspend, discontinue or terminate the Plan, in whole or in part, without stockholder approval; provided, however, that (a) to the extent necessary and desirable to comply with any Applicable Law, regulation, or stock exchange rule, the Company shall obtain stockholder approval of any Plan amendment in such a manner and to such a degree as required, and (b) stockholder approval is required for any amendment to the Plan that (i) increases the number of shares available under the Plan (other than any adjustment as provided by Section 4.3) or the number of shares available for issuance as ISOs, or (ii) permits the Committee to grant Options with an Exercise Price that is below Fair Market Value on the date of grant, or (iii) permits the Committee to extend the exercise period for an Option beyond ten (10) years from the date of grant, or (iv) results in a material increase in benefits or a change in eligibility requirements, or (v) change the granting corporation or (vi) the type of stock.

 

11.2     Amendment of Awards. Subject to Section 4.3, at any time and from time to time, the Committee may amend the terms of any one or more outstanding Awards, provided that the Award as amended is consistent with the terms of the Plan or if necessary or advisable for the purpose of conforming the Plan or an Award Agreement to any present or future law relating to plans of this or similar nature (including, without limitation, Section 409A and, to the extent applicable, Section 162(m) of the Code), and to the administrative regulations and rulings promulgated thereunder. Notwithstanding any provision in this Plan to the contrary, absent approval of the stockholders of the Company, no Option may be amended to reduce the per share Exercise Price of the shares subject to such Option below the per share exercise price as of the date the Option is granted and, except as permitted by Section 4.3, no Option may be granted in exchange for, or in connection with, the cancellation or surrender of an Option having a higher per share Exercise Price.

 

11.3     Awards Previously Granted. No termination, amendment, or modification of the Plan or any Award shall adversely affect in any material way any Award previously granted under the Plan, without the written consent of the Participant holding such Award; provided, however, that any such modification made for the purpose of complying with Section 409A of the Code may be made by the Company without the consent of any Participant.

 

11.4     Repricing and Backdating Prohibited. Notwithstanding anything in this Plan to the contrary, except as provided under Section 4.3 and Section 11.2, neither the Committee nor any other person may (i) amend the terms of outstanding Options or SARs to reduce the exercise or grant price of such outstanding Options or SARs; (ii) cancel outstanding Options or SARs in exchange for Options or SARs with an exercise or grant price that is less than the exercise price of the original Options or SARs; or (iii) cancel outstanding Options or SARs with an exercise or grant price above the current Share price in exchange for cash or other securities. In addition, the Committee may not make a grant of an Option or SAR with a grant date that is effective prior to the date the Committee takes action to approve such Award.

 

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Article 12

Withholding

 

12.1     Tax Withholding. Unless otherwise provided by the Committee, the Company shall deduct or withhold any amount needed to satisfy any foreign, federal, state, or local tax (including but not limited to the Participant’s employment tax obligations) required by law to be withheld with respect to any taxable event arising or as a result of this Plan (“Withholding Taxes”).

 

12.2     Share Withholding. Unless otherwise provided by the Committee, upon the exercise of Options, the lapse of restrictions on Restricted Stock, the vesting of Restricted Stock Units the distribution of Performance Shares in the form of Stock, or any other taxable event hereunder involving the transfer of Stock to a Participant, the Company shall withhold Stock equal in value, using the Fair Market Value on the date determined by the Company to be used to value the Stock for tax purposes, to the Withholding Taxes applicable to such transaction.

 

Any fractional Share of Stock payable to a Participant shall be withheld as additional Federal withholding, or, at the option of the Company, paid in cash to the Participant.

 

Unless otherwise determined by the Committee, when the method of payment for the Exercise Price is from the sale by a stockbroker pursuant to Section 6.5(c), herein, of the Stock acquired through the Option exercise, then the tax withholding shall be satisfied out of the proceeds. For administrative purposes in determining the amount of taxes due, the sale price of such Stock shall be deemed to be the Fair Market Value of the Stock.

 

If permitted by the Committee, prior to the end of any Performance Period a Participant may elect to have a greater amount of Stock withheld from the distribution of Performance Shares to pay withholding taxes; provided, however, the Committee may prohibit or limit any individual election or all such elections at any time.

 

Alternatively, or in combination with the foregoing, the Committee may require Withholding Taxes to be paid in cash by the Participant or by the sale of a portion of the Stock being distributed in connection with an Award, or by a combination thereof.

 

The withholding of taxes is intended to comply with the requirements of Rule 10b5-1(c)(1)(i)(B) of the Exchange Act to the extent permitted by law.

 

Article 13

General Provisions Applicable to Awards

 

13.1     Minimum Vesting. Subject to Section 10.1, each Award shall have a minimum vesting period of one (1) year; provided that the Committee may determine in its sole discretion that up to five percent (5%) of the Shares available for issuance under the Plan may be granted free of such minimum vesting requirements.

 

13.2     Form of Payment. Subject to the provisions of this Plan, the Award Agreement and any Applicable Law, payments or transfers to be made by the Company or any Affiliate on the grant, exercise, or settlement of any Award may be made in such form as determined by the Committee including, without limitation, cash, Stock, other Awards, other property, or any combination thereof, and may be made in a single payment or transfer, in installments, or any combination thereof, in each case determined by rules adopted by the Committee.

 

13.3     Treatment of Dividends and Dividend Equivalents on Unvested Awards. Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan to the contrary, with respect to any Award that provides for or includes a right to dividends or Dividend Equivalents, if dividends are declared during the period that an equity Award is outstanding, such dividends (or Dividend Equivalents) shall either (i) not be paid or credited with respect to such Award or (ii) be accumulated but remain subject to vesting requirement(s) to the same extent as the applicable Award and shall only be paid at the time or times such vesting requirement(s) are satisfied.

 

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13.4     Limits on Transfer.

 

(a)     Except as otherwise provided in Section 13.4(b),

 

(i)     no Award may be sold, transferred, pledged, assigned, or otherwise alienated or hypothecated, other than by will or the laws of descent and distribution or pursuant to a domestic relations order, unless and until such Award has been exercised, or the Shares underlying such Award have been issues, and all restrictions applicable to such Shares have lapsed;

 

(ii)     no Award or interest or right therein shall be liable for or otherwise subject to the debts, contracts or engagements of the Participant or the Participant’s successors in interest or shall be subject to disposition by transfer, alienation, anticipation, pledge, hypothecation, encumbrance, assignment or any other means whether such disposition be voluntary or involuntary or by operation of law by judgment, levy, attachment, garnishment or any other legal or equitable proceedings (including bankruptcy) unless and until such Award has been exercised, or the Shares underlying such Award have been issued, and all restrictions applicable to such Shares have lapsed, and any attempted disposition of an Award prior to satisfaction of these conditions shall be null and void and of no effect, except to the extent that such disposition is permitted by Section 13.4(a)(i); and

 

(iii)     during a Participant’s lifetime, only the Participant or the Participant’s guardian or legal representative may exercise an Award (or any portion thereof) granted to him or her under the Plan, unless it has been disposed of pursuant to a domestic relations order. After a Participant’s death, any exercisable portion of an Award may, prior to the time when such portion becomes unexercisable under the Plan or the applicable Award Agreement, be exercised by such Participant’s personal representative or by any person empowered to do so under the deceased Participant’s will or under the then applicable laws of descent and distribution.

 

(b)     Notwithstanding Section 13.4(a), the Committee, in its sole discretion, may determine to permit a Participant or a Permitted Transferee of such Participant to transfer an Award other than an Incentive Stock Option (unless such Incentive Stock Option is intended to become a Nonqualified Stock Option) to any one or more Permitted Transferees of such Participant without consideration, subject to the following terms and conditions: (i) an Award transferred to a Permitted Transferee shall not be assignable or transferable by the Permitted Transferee other than (A) to another Permitted Transferee of the applicable Participant or (B) by will or the laws of descent and distribution or, subject to the consent of the Committee, pursuant to a domestic relations order; (ii) an Award transferred to a Permitted Transferee shall continue to be subject to all the terms and conditions of the Award as applicable to the original Participant (other than the ability to further transfer the Award to any person other than another Permitted Transferee of the applicable Participant); and (iii) the Participant (or transferring Permitted Transferee) and the receiving Permitted Transferee shall execute any and all documents requested by the Committee, including, without limitation documents to (A) confirm the status of the transferee as a Permitted Transferee, (B) satisfy any requirements for an exemption for the transfer under Applicable Law and (C) evidence the transfer. In addition, and further notwithstanding Section 13.4(a), hereof, the Committee, in its sole discretion, may determine to permit a Participant to transfer Incentive Stock Options to a trust that constitutes a Permitted Transferee if, under Section 671 of the Code and other Applicable Law, the Participant is considered the sole beneficial owner of the Incentive Stock Option while it is held in the trust.

 

13.5     Beneficiaries. Notwithstanding Section 13.4, if provided in the applicable Award Agreement, a Participant may, in the manner determined by the Committee, designate a beneficiary to exercise the rights of the Participant and to receive any distribution with respect to any Award upon the Participant’s death. A beneficiary, legal guardian, legal representative, or other person claiming any rights pursuant to the Plan is subject to all terms and conditions of the Plan and any Award Agreement applicable to the Participant, except to the extent the Plan and Award Agreement otherwise provide, and to any additional restrictions deemed necessary or appropriate by the Committee. If the Participant is married and resides in a community property state, a designation of a person other than the Participant’s spouse as his or her beneficiary with respect to more than fifty percent (50%) of the Participant’s interest in the Award shall not be effective without the prior written consent of the Participant’s spouse. If no beneficiary has been designated or survives the Participant, payment shall be made to the person entitled thereto pursuant to the Participant’s will or the laws of descent and distribution. Subject to the foregoing, a beneficiary designation may be changed or revoked by a Participant at any time provided the change or revocation is filed with the Committee.

 

13.6     Forfeiture Events/Representations. The Committee may specify in an Award Agreement at the time of the Award that the Participant’s rights, payments and benefits with respect to an Award shall be subject to reduction, cancellation, forfeiture or recoupment upon the occurrence of certain specified events, in addition to any otherwise applicable vesting or performance conditions of an Award. Such events shall include, but shall not be limited to, termination of Service for Cause, violation of material Company policies, breach of noncompetition, confidentiality or other restrictive covenants that may apply to the Participant, or other conduct by the Participant that is detrimental to the business or reputation of the Company. The Committee may also specify in an Award Agreement that the Participant’s rights, payments and benefits with respect to an Award shall be conditioned upon the Participant making a representation regarding compliance with noncompetition, confidentiality or other restrictive covenants that may apply to the Participant and providing that the Participant’s rights, payments and benefits with respect to an Award shall be subject to reduction, cancellation, forfeiture or recoupment on account of a breach of such representation. In addition and without limitation of the foregoing, any amounts paid hereunder shall be subject to recoupment in accordance with The Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and any implementing regulations thereunder, any “clawback” policy adopted by the Company or as is otherwise required by applicable law or stock exchange listing condition.

 

17

 

 

13.7     No Fractional Shares. No fractional Shares shall be issued or delivered pursuant to the Plan or any Award. The Committee shall determine whether cash, Awards, or other property shall be issued or paid in lieu of fractional Shares or whether such fractional Shares or any rights thereto shall be forfeited or otherwise eliminated.

 

13.8     Reservation of Stock. The Company shall at all times during the term of the Plan and any outstanding Awards granted hereunder reserve or otherwise keep available such number of Shares of Stock as will be sufficient to satisfy the requirements of the Plan (if then in effect) and the Awards and shall pay all fees and expenses necessarily incurred by the Company in connection therewith.

 

13.9     Reimbursement of Company for Unearned or Ill-gotten Gains. Unless otherwise specifically provided in an Award Agreement, and to the extent permitted by Applicable Law, if the Company is required to prepare an accounting restatement due to the material noncompliance of the Company with any financial reporting requirement under the securities laws, the Committee may, without obtaining the approval or consent of the Company’s shareholders or of any Participant, require that any Participant who personally engaged in one of more acts of fraud or misconduct that have caused or partially caused the need for such restatement or any current or former chief executive officer, chief financial officer, or executive officer, regardless of their conduct, to reimburse the Company in a manner consistent with Section 409A of the Code, if the Award constitutes “Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation,” for all or any portion of any Awards granted or settled under this Plan (with each such case being a “Reimbursement”), or the Committee may require the termination or rescission of, or the recapture associated with, any Award, in excess of the amount the Participant would have received under the accounting restatement.

 

13.10     Delay in Payment. To the extent required in order to avoid the imposition of any interest and/or additional tax under Section 409A(a)(1)(B) of the Code, any amount that is considered deferred compensation under the Plan or Award Agreement and that is required to be postponed pursuant to Section 409A of the Code, following the a Participant’s Termination of Employment shall be delayed for six (6) months if a Participant is deemed to be a “specified employee” as defined in Section 409A(a)(2)(i)(B) of the Code; provided that, if the Participant dies during the postponement period prior to the payment of the postponed amount, the amounts withheld on account of Section 409A of the Code shall be paid to the executor or administrator of the decedent’s estate within 60 days following the date of his death. A “Specified Employee” means any Participant who is a “key employee” (as defined in Section 416(i) of the Code without regard to paragraph (5) thereof), as determined by the Company in accordance with its uniform policy with respect to all arrangements subject to Section 409A of the Code, based upon the twelve (12) month period ending on each December 31st (the “Identification Period”). All Participants who are determined to be key employees under Section 416(i) of the Code (without regard to paragraph (5) thereof) during the identification period shall be treated as Specified Employees for purposes of the Plan during the twelve (12) month period that begins on the first day of the 4th month following the close of such identification period.

 

Article 14

Successors

 

All obligations of the Company under the Plan, with respect to Awards granted hereunder, shall be binding on any successor to the Company, whether the existence of such successor is the result of a direct or indirect purchase, merger, consolidation, or otherwise, of all or substantially all of the business and/or assets of the Company.

 

Article 15

 

Miscellaneous Provisions

 

15.1     Substitute Awards in Corporate Transactions. Nothing contained in the Plan shall be construed to limit the right of the Committee to grant Awards under the Plan in connection with the acquisition, whether by purchase, merger, consolidation or other corporate transaction, of the business or assets of any corporation or other entity. Without limiting the foregoing, the Committee may grant Awards under the Plan to an employee or director of another corporation who becomes an Eligible Person by reason of any such corporate transaction in substitution for awards previously granted by such corporation or entity to such person. The terms and conditions of the substitute Awards may vary from the terms and conditions that would otherwise be required by the Plan solely to the extent the Committee deems necessary for such purpose. Any shares of Stock subject to these substitute Awards shall not be counted against any of the maximum share limitations set forth in the Plan.

 

18

 

 

15.2     409A Compliance. It is intended that all Awards issued under the Plan be in a form and administered in a manner that will comply with the requirements of Section 409A of the Code, or the requirements of an exception to Section 409A of the Code, and the Award Agreement and this Plan will be construed and administered in a manner that is consistent with and gives effect to such intent. The Committee is authorized to adopt rules or regulations deemed necessary or appropriate to qualify for an exception from or to comply with the requirements of Section 409A of the Code. With respect to an Award that constitutes a deferral of compensation subject to Section 409A of the Code: (i) if any amount is payable under such Award upon a termination of service, a termination of service will be treated as having occurred only at such time the Participant has experienced a “separation from service” as such term is defined for purposes of Section 409A of the Code; (ii) if any amount is payable under such Award upon a disability, a disability will be treated as having occurred only at such time the Participant has experienced a “disability” as such term is defined for purposes of Section 409A of the Code; (iii) if any amount is payable under such Award on account of the occurrence of a Change in Control, a Change in Control will be treated as having occurred only at such time a “change in the ownership or effective control of the corporation or in the ownership of a substantial portion of the assets of the corporation” has occurred as such terms are defined for purposes of Section 409A of the Code, (iv) if any amount becomes payable under such Award on account of a Participant’s separation from service at such time as the Participant is a “specified employee” within the meaning of Section 409A of the Code, then no payment shall be made, except as permitted under Section 409A of the Code, prior to the first business day after the earlier of (y) the date that is six months after the date of the Participant’s separation from service or (z) the Participant’s death, (v) any right to receive any installment payments under this Plan shall be treated as a right to receive a series of separate payments and, accordingly, each installment payment hereunder shall at all times be considered a separate and distinct payment, and (vi) no amendment to or payment under such Award will be made except and only to the extent permitted under Section 409A of the Code.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the tax treatment of the benefits provided under the Plan or any Award Agreement is not warranted or guaranteed, and in no event shall the Company be liable for all or any portion of any taxes, penalties, interest or other expenses that may be incurred by the Participant on account of non-compliance with Section 409A of the Code.

 

15.3     Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act. All elections and transactions under the Plan by persons subject to Section 16 of the Exchange Act involving shares of Stock are intended to comply with any applicable exemptive condition under Rule 16b‑3. The Committee may, in its sole discretion, establish and adopt written administrative guidelines, designed to facilitate compliance with Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act, as it may deem necessary or proper for the administration and operation of the Plan and the transaction of business thereunder.

 

15.4     Unfunded Status of the Plan. The Plan is intended to constitute an “unfunded” plan for incentive compensation, and the Plan is not intended to constitute a plan subject to the provisions of ERISA. With respect to any payments not yet made to a Participant by the Company, nothing contained herein shall give any such Participant any rights that are greater than those of a general creditor of the Company. In its sole discretion, the Committee may authorize the creation of trusts or other arrangements to meet the obligations created under the Plan to deliver Stock or payments with respect to Options, Stock Appreciation Rights and other Awards hereunder, provided, however, that the existence of such trusts or other arrangements is consistent with the unfunded status of the Plan.

 

15.5     Nonexclusivity of the Plan. Neither the adoption of the Plan by the Board nor the submission of the Plan to the stockholders of the Company shall be construed as creating any limitations on the power of the Board to adopt such other incentive arrangements as it may deem desirable, including without limitation, the granting of stock options and restricted stock other than under the Plan, and such arrangements may be either applicable generally or only in specific cases.

 

15.6     Investment Representations. The Company shall be under no obligation to issue any shares covered by any Award unless the shares to be issued pursuant to Awards granted under the Plan have been effectively registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Participant shall have made such written representations to the Company (upon which the Company believes it may reasonably rely) as the Company may deem necessary or appropriate for purposes of confirming that the issuance of such shares will be exempt from the registration requirements of that Act and any applicable state securities laws and otherwise in compliance with all applicable laws, rules and regulations, including but not limited to that the Participant is acquiring the shares for his or her own account for the purpose of investment and not with a view to, or for sale in connection with, the distribution of any such shares.

 

19

 

 

15.7     Registration. If the Company shall deem it necessary or desirable to register under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended or other applicable statutes any Shares of Stock issued or to be issued pursuant to Awards granted under the Plan, or to qualify any such Shares of Stock for exemption from the Securities Act of 1933, as amended or other applicable statutes, then the Company shall take such action at its own expense. The Company may require from each recipient of an Award, or each holder of Shares of Stock acquired pursuant to the Plan, such information in writing for use in any registration statement, prospectus, preliminary prospectus or offering circular as is reasonably necessary for that purpose and may require reasonable indemnity to the Company and its officers and directors from that holder against all losses, claims, damage and liabilities arising from use of the information so furnished and caused by any untrue statement of any material fact therein or caused by the omission to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading in the light of the circumstances under which they were made. In addition, the Company may require of any such person that he or she agree that, without the prior written consent of the Company or the managing underwriter in any public offering of Shares of Stock, he or she will not sell, make any short sale of, loan, grant any option for the purchase of, pledge or otherwise encumber, or otherwise dispose of, any shares of Stock during the 180 day period commencing on the effective date of the registration statement relating to the underwritten public offering of securities. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing provisions of this Section 15.7, if in connection with any underwritten public offering of securities of the Company the managing underwriter of such offering requires that the Company’s directors and officers enter into a lock-up agreement containing provisions that are more restrictive than the provisions set forth in the preceding sentence, then (a) each holder of shares of Stock acquired pursuant to the Plan (regardless of whether such person has complied or complies with the provisions of clause (b) below) shall be bound by, and shall be deemed to have agreed to, the same lock-up terms as those to which the Company’s directors and officers are required to adhere; and (b) at the request of the Company or such managing underwriter, each such person shall execute and deliver a lock-up agreement in form and substance equivalent to that which is required to be executed by the Company’s directors and officers.

 

15.8     Placement of Legends; Stop Orders; etc. Each share of Stock to be issued pursuant to Awards granted under the Plan may bear a reference to the investment representation made in accordance with Section 15.6  in addition to any other applicable restriction under the Plan, the terms of the Award and to the fact that no registration statement has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in respect to such shares of Stock. All shares of Stock or other securities delivered under the Plan shall be subject to such stock transfer orders and other restrictions as the Committee may deem advisable under the rules, regulations, and other requirements of any stock exchange upon which the Stock is then listed, and any applicable federal or state securities law, and the Committee may cause a legend or legends to be put on any certificates or recorded in connection with book-entry accounts representing the shares to make appropriate reference to such restrictions.

 

15.9     Uncertificated Shares. To the extent that the Plan provides for issuance of certificates to reflect the transfer of Shares, the transfer of such Shares may be effected on a noncertificated basis, to the extent not prohibited by Applicable Law.

 

15.10     Limitation of Rights in Stock. A Participant shall not be deemed for any purpose to be a stockholder of the Company with respect to any of the Shares of Stock subject to an Award, unless and until Shares shall have been issued therefor and delivered to the Participant or his agent. Any Stock to be issued pursuant to Awards granted under the Plan shall be subject to all restrictions upon the transfer thereof which may be now or hereafter imposed by the Certificate of Incorporation and the Bylaws of the Company.

 

15.11     Employment Not Guaranteed. Nothing in the Plan shall interfere with or limit in any way the right of the Company (or any Affiliate) to terminate any Participant’s Employment at any time, nor confer upon any Participant any right to continue in the employ of the Company (or any Affiliate), subject to the terms of any separate employment or consulting agreement or provision of law or corporate articles or by-laws to the contrary, at any time to terminate such employment or consulting agreement or to increase or decrease, or otherwise adjust, the other terms and conditions of the recipient’s employment or other association with the Company and its Affiliates.

 

15.12     Other Compensation Arrangements. Nothing contained in this Plan shall prevent the Board from adopting other or additional compensation arrangements, subject to shareholder approval if such approval is required; and such arrangements may be either generally applicable or applicable only in specific cases.

 

15.13     Gender and Number. Except where otherwise indicated by the context, any masculine term used herein also shall include the feminine; the plural shall include the singular and the singular shall include the plural.

 

15.14     Severability. In the event any provision of the Plan shall be held illegal or invalid for any reason, the illegality or invalidity shall not affect the remaining parts of the Plan, and the Plan shall be construed and enforced as if the illegal or invalid provision had not been included.

 

15.15     Requirements of Law. The granting of Awards and the issuance of Shares under the Plan shall be subject to Applicable Law and to such approvals by any governmental agencies or national securities exchanges as may be required.

 

15.16     Errors. At any time the Company may correct any error made under the Plan without prejudice to the Company. Such corrections may include, among other things, changing or revoking an issuance of an Award.

 

20

 

 

15.17     Elections and Notices. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Plan, all elections and notices of every kind shall be made on forms prepared by the Company or the General Counsel, Secretary or Assistant Secretary, or their respective delegates or shall be made in such other manner as permitted or required by the Company or the General Counsel, Secretary or Assistant Secretary, or their respective delegates, including but not limited to elections or notices through electronic means, over the Internet or otherwise. An election shall be deemed made when received by the Company (or its designated agent, but only in cases where the designated agent has been appointed for the purpose of receiving such election), which may waive any defects in form. The Company may limit the time an election may be made in advance of any deadline.

 

Where any notice or filing required or permitted to be given to the Company under the Plan, it shall be delivered to the principal office of the Company, directed to the attention of the General Counsel of the Company or his or her successor. Such notice shall be deemed given on the date of delivery.

 

Notice to the Participant shall be deemed given when mailed (or sent by telecopy) to the Participant’s work or home address as shown on the records of the Company or, at the option of the Company, to the Participant’s e-mail address as shown on the records of the Company.

 

It is the Participant’s responsibility to ensure that the Participant’s addresses are kept up to date on the records of the Company. In the case of notices affecting multiple Participants, the notices may be given by general distribution at the Participants’ work locations.

 

15.18     Governing Law. To the extent not preempted by Federal law, the Plan, and all awards and agreements hereunder, and any and all disputes in connection therewith, shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the substantive laws of the State of Delaware, without regard to conflict or choice of law principles which might otherwise refer the construction, interpretation or enforceability of this Plan to the substantive law of another jurisdiction.

 

15.19     Venue. The Company and the Participant to whom an Award under this Plan is granted, for themselves and their successors and assigns, irrevocably submit to the exclusive and sole jurisdiction and venue of the state or federal courts of Delaware with respect to any and all disputes arising out of or relating to this Plan, the subject matter of this Plan or any awards under this Plan, including but not limited to any disputes arising out of or relating to the interpretation and enforceability of any awards or the terms and conditions of this Plan. To achieve certainty regarding the appropriate forum in which to prosecute and defend actions arising out of or relating to this Plan, and to ensure consistency in application and interpretation of the Governing Law to the Plan, the parties agree that (a) sole and exclusive appropriate venue for any such action shall be an appropriate federal or state court in Delaware, and no other, (b) all claims with respect to any such action shall be heard and determined exclusively in such Delaware court, and no other, (c) such Delaware court shall have sole and exclusive jurisdiction over the person of such parties and over the subject matter of any dispute relating hereto and (d) that the parties waive any and all objections and defenses to bringing any such action before such Delaware court, including but not limited to those relating to lack of personal jurisdiction, improper venue or forum non conveniens.

 

15.20     No Obligation to Notify. The Company shall have no duty or obligation to any holder of an Option to advise such holder as to the time or manner of exercising such Option. Furthermore, the Company shall have no duty or obligation to warn or otherwise advise such holder of a pending transaction or expiration of an Option or a possible period in which the Option may not be exercised. The Company has no duty or obligation to minimize the tax consequences of an Option to the holder of such Option.

 

21

ex_126584.htm

  Exhibit 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO

SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Natasha Giordano, certify that:

 

1.

I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of PLx Pharma Inc.;

 

2.

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.

The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a–15(e) and 15d–15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a–15(f) and 15d–15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

 

(a)

Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

 

 

 

(b)

Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

     
 

(c)

Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

 

 

 

(d)

Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.

The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

 

(a)

All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

 

 

 

(b)

Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: November 9, 2018

 

/s/ Natasha Giordano

 

 

Natasha Giordano

 

 

President and

 

 

Chief Executive Officer

     (principal executive officer) 

 

 

ex_126585.htm

  Exhibit 31.2

 

CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO

SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Rita O’Connor, certify that:

 

1.

I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of PLx Pharma Inc.;

 

2.

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.

The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a–15(e) and 15d–15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a–15(f) and 15d–15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

 

(a)

Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

 

 

 

(b)

Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

     
 

(c)

Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

 

 

 

(d)

Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.

The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

 

(a)

All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

 

 

 

(b)

Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: November 9, 2018

 

/s/ Rita O’Connor

 

 

Rita O’Connor

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

(principal financial and accounting officer)

 

 

ex_126586.htm

  Exhibit 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION
PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350, AS ADOPTED

PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the quarterly report on Form 10-Q of PLx Pharma Inc. (the "Company") for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018 (the "Report") as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof, the undersigned Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Company hereby certify that, to such officer’s knowledge:

 

(1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

This certification is provided solely pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

Dated: November 9, 2018

 

/s/ Natasha Giordano

 

 

Natasha Giordano

 

 

President and

Chief Executive Officer

 

 

(principal executive officer)

 

Dated: November 9, 2018

 

/s/ Rita O’Connor

 

 

Rita O’Connor

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

(principal financial and accounting officer)

 

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.